Lesson Planning of Consonant Clusters
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Pronounce with reasonable accuracy, common two consonant clusters in initial and final position.
Information for Teachers
- All the letters of English language besides vowel (a, e, I, o, u) are called consonants.
- When two or more than two consonants are combined they make consonant cluster words. Cluster means group, bunch or collection. So two consonants clusters are two consonants without a vowel between them, and both of them are pronounced. The cluster can be at the beginning or the end of a a word, such as sky, or desk.
- Examples of two consonant clusters are: as; brave, brief, claw, clean, true, trap, etc.
- Examples of three consonants clusters are, as; ‘spl’, ‘str’, ‘scr’.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/markers, textbook
- Tell them that consonant cluster means having two or more consonants like, ‘br’, ‘sp’, ‘cl’, together in the words. Even if we combine two or three consonants they make consonant cluster words, cluster means group, bunch, or collection. In this bunch, all the consonant sounds are pronounced, none are silent.
- If a word starts with ‘br’, it is a two consonant letter cluster having words before a vowel comes, like brown, brow, brick, brain, break. The ‘br’ coming before a vowel is a consonant cluster of English language, in each word.
- Ask students to look at the pictures n pairs and think about the word, its pronunciation and spelling.
- Now ask different students to read the words aloud and then tell their pair fellow the same words and spelling
- Appreciate them by asking the class to clap for the children who have spelt the word correctly.
- If the children don`t know the name of the picture drawn, tell them the English name and record it on the board.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Tell the students that when in a word, we combine two or three consonants, they make consonant clusters. Each consonant has its own sound in the word. They can be at initial or final position of a word, as; sky, or desk.
- Name a few things having ‘cl’ in beginning.(Possible answer would be as; clip, clap, clean, closed, clothes, club)
- Name a few things having ‘st’, as a final sound. (Possible answer would be as; best, west, east, tallest, rest, guest)
- Involve the students in solving problems given in exercise at the end of unit/chapter
- Continue to give students practice in pronouncing these words.
- Clarify to students that there is no vowel sound between these consonants clusters so they should be pronounced accordingly, as; the word I s ‘black’ not ‘balack’, or word is ‘brush’, not ‘burush’ as it is commonly used.