Classroom Interaction Patterns

 Classroom Interaction Patterns: Advantage & Disadvantage

There was a time when the traditional approach of teaching was adopted by most of the teachers, where the learner used to be dependent only on the lesson delivered by teachers. They were not exposed to enough practice of speaking on their own and hence the interaction among the students in classroom was almost absent. But as the Teaching method changed with time so has the education system. Teaching method now demands more of students interaction rather than just to listening to the teachers. Hence the classroom interaction is very essential in today, teaching methods.
Classroom Interaction Patterns
Classroom Interaction is a practice that enhances the development of the two very important language skills which are speaking and listening among the students.

                                 Types of Classroom Interaction


Classroom Interaction can be categorized under these main headings such as:
                     —— Collaborative Learning
                     —— Discussions and Debates
                    —— Interactive Sessions
                     —— Loud Reading
                    —— Story-telling
                   —— Soliloquies
                   —— Conversation with learners
                 ——- Role Play

                    Advantages & Disadvantages as Individual work:


  • Time to think
  • Time to plan what say/do
  • Learner can work at own pace
  • No ideas
  • Feeling insulted
  • Feeling nervous


 Advantages & Disadvantages as Pair work:

  • Practices communication
  • All participate
  • Learner can help each other
  • Can learn from each other and generate more ideas
  • Makes them independent learners
  • Boots confidence as they practice in pairs before the whole class
  • Frustrating and difficult if partners are at different level or don’t enjoy working together
  • Difficult if one partner dominates
  • Fear they will learn partner’s mistakes
  • May speak in mother tongue”Urdu/Punjabi not English
  • Can be noisy!




  Advantages & Disadvantages as Group work:

  • Practices group discussion
  • Develop team work
  • Promotes peer learning
  • Listening to and respecting others’opinions
  • Can learn from each other and generate more ideas
  • Makes them independent learners
  • Develop sense of responsibility of individual roles in group
  • Learners may feel shy to speak in a group
  • Others may be more likely to speak in L 1in group
  • Difficult to organize room space
  • Some learners may dominate and do all the work
  • Some may be shy or lazy and do no work
  • More likely they will speak in Urdu/ Punjabi instead of Englis

Classroom Interaction Patterns

  Advantages & Disadvantages as Teams work:

  • Fun and competitive
  • Everyone engaged as want to win
  • As a wormer or filler to energize
  • Good way to revise work
  • Develops team spirit
  • Some may be dominate so they can win
  • Others will be less confident so not participate
  • Some less competitive than others
  • Can be very noisy as com



Advantages & Disadvantages as Mingle work:

  • Getting to know each other to overcome shyness
  • Speaking to many different people
  • Every one participant
  • Helps consolidate language and develop skills
  • Develop confidence
  • Fun and engaging
  • Noisy!
  • Difficult to organize with large classes
  • Not enough space unless taken outside the classroom
  • Shy learners may not participate
  • Learners may speak in mother tongue: Urdu/Punjabi not Engl


Advantages & Disadvantages as Whole class work:

  • Useful when teacher needs every one’s attention, e. g. instruction and feed back
  • To elicit from class and not pick on individuals
  • Learners feel less pressured
  • Some learners feel shy about giving answers in front of others
  • Some learners may not do anything

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