Disaster Risk Reduction Drills/ Exercises
Key Words & Ideas
A disaster is a natural or manmade (or technological ) hazard resulting in an event of substantial extent causing physical damage or destructions, loss of life or drastic change to the environment. A disaster can be ostensively defined as any tragic events stemming from events such as earthquake, floods, catastrophic accidents, fires or explosions. It is phenomenon that can cause damage to life and property and destroy the economic, social cultural life of the people
School is a place where a large number of human casualties can occur in case any disaster. Particularly primary school students are not mature enough and they can’t react positively and effectively without proper training in case of emergency. That is why it is imperative for every school to established School disasters management Committee to prepare a School Safety Plan which should be shared with all staff members in general and with students in particular. School Evacuation Plan is an integral part of School Safety Plan.
School Evacuation Plan may help students and other staff of the school in reaching safe shelters through sage passages in case of any disaster or danger.
School Evacuation Plan is of great help in case of following emergencies.
· Danger of bomb.
· Chemical accident.
· Flood / Conflict.
· Torrential rains.
· Suicide attack.
· Ground shaking
· Ground rupture
· Ground failure
Attendance of students is conducted before leaving the endangered building in a School Evacuation Plan Students and school staff are trained not to stay to get their belonging i.e. bags and purse etc. and also not try to enter the building through exit passages.
This is extremely important component of the plan that students and staff members should understand the warning procedure of different disaster happening. Different types of strategies are adopted in case of different types of disasters. For example it is extremely imperative to leave the building in case an earthquake and stay in the building in case of cross firing. In the same way Early Disaster Warning System should be different in procedure in case of different forms of disasters. Students and staff members must understand that difference.
When students and staff reach safe shelters, attendance is conducted and absent students and staff are searched and authority (head teacher)is informed about that further instruction are awaited