Lesson of Voice Change


Lesson of Assertive Sentence Voice Change

Subject English

Grade 9th

Students` Learning Outcomes

Information for Teachers

  • Passive form: be (is, am, are, was, were, being, been) + Past Participle
  • Read these sentences:
  • Someone has broken this chair. (Active)
  1. This chair has been broken. (Passive)
  2. People always admire this picture. (Active)
  3. This picture is always admired. (Passive)
  • Note: in sentences 2 and 4 by someone and by the people are dropped. No agents are required in these sentences. This is the modern trends in assertive sentences.
  • Sometimes a verb in the active voice takes two objects a direct one (thing) and an indirect one (person). Either of them may be used as the subject in the passive voice, as;
  1. Harris gave me a pen. (Active)
  2. I was given a pen by Harris. (Passive)
  3. Mr. Kamal teaches us English. (Active)
  4. We are taught English by Mr Kamal or English is taught to us by Mr Kamal.
  5. Prepositions must not be left out with verbs requiring them, as;
  6. We must look after the child.(Active)
  7. The child must be looked after. (Passive)
  8. You must work for success. (Active)
  9. Success must be worked for. (Passive)



I do the work.

The work is done by me.

Ayesha types a latter.

A letter is typed by Ayesha.

Ali helped her.

She was helped by Ali.

Rani is singing a song.

A song is being sung by Rani.

She was singing a song.

A song was being sung by her.

He has called me.

I have been called by him.

They had seen the picture.

The picture had been seen by them.

You will play hockey.

Hockey will be played by you.

She would sing a song.

A song would be sung by her.

She would have read the book.

The book would have been read by her

He teaches me

I am taught by him.

They kept us waiting.

We were kept waiting by them.

Did she run a great risk?

Was a great risk by her?

He will fly a kite.

A kite will be flown by him.

I shall not speak a word to you.

Not a word will be spoken to you by me.

When will he give up his studies?

When will his studies be given up by him?

You are not running a race.

A race is not being run by you.

Are they singing a song?

Is a song being sung by them?

I was writing a letter.

A letter was being written by me.

What was Harris doing?

What was being done by Harris?

They have built the bridge.

The bridge has been built by them.

Why have you missed the train?

Why has the train been missed by you?

The workmen will have repaired the road.

The road will have been repaired by th workmen.

  • Note: Adverbial etc. in the end position in Active Voice remains in the end position in Passive voice, as He will finish the work in a week.  Will turns as; the work will be finished by him in a week.


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