# Lesson Plan of Addition of Fractions

## Students` Learning Outcomes

• Add two fractions with same denominator.
• Represent addition of fractions through figures.

### Information for Teachers

• Addition of fractions is done differently than the numbers.

• Fractions with same denominators are called like fractions.

• While adding likes fractions only the numerators of the fractions are added and the denominators remain the same.
• While teaching the lesson, also consult textbook where and when applicable.

### Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, paper strips, playing dough/clay, coloured fraction strips, mathematics textbook

### Introduction

• Write some like fractions on the board and ask students to show the fractions with colour strips.
• Ask them if you want to combine any two fractions, how will you do it? Write their responses on the board.
• Discuss with students today we`ll combine two fractions.
• Tell students about like fractions.

### Development

Activity 1

• Divide the class into groups of 4.
• Ask the groups to use playing dough or clay and make bread.

• Cut into 4 equal parts.

• Give each part of Bread to 4 students and ask how much of bread each one has? Write its fraction on the notebooks one student writes it on the board.

• Ask two students to combine their share. Write both/total shares on the board;

• Ask them to now combine their share with the 3rd Write it on the board;

• Ask students to observe the process of adding fractions with the same denominator.
• What do they conclude?
• Guide them in understanding that for adding fractions with the same denominator we add the numerators and the denominator remains the same.

• Ask students if we divide cake/bread in 8 equal parts instead of 4 and each one get two shares; would there be any change in fractions and in result?

Activity 2

• Write 3/8 + 3/8 on the board
• Give one paper strips to students in groups and ask them to fold and represent the two fractions with same denominators with two different colours e.g. 3/8 and 3/8.

• Ask students to combine both parts in one strip and answer what fraction will it be after combining or adding?
• Write the answer of the questions assigned to different groups on the board and ask students to make a rule for addition of two fractions with same denominators.
• Discuss with students when we add two fractions with same denominator we add numerator and denominator remain same.

• Solve few examples with the help of the students on the board to practice the rule.

Activity 3

• Ask students to draw diagrams related to addition question (it would be nice to use two different colours to show two fractions).
• Encourage students to use different shapes to represent fractions. (Like one group can use circle other can use triangle, strips etc.)

• Write responses on the board (sums and answers)
• Discuss addition of fractions with same denominator to recap the learning.

### Sum up / Conclusion

• Ask students to repeat the rule for addition of like fractions.
• Give four equal parts of circle showing ¼ each.