Lesson Plan of Adjectives

Lesson Plan of Adjectives

Subject English

Grade 4th

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Articulate, identify and use degrees of regular adjectives and irregular adjectives.

Information for Teachers

  • Adjectives have three degrees (1st, 2nd, 3rd) positive, comparative and superlative.
  • There two types of degrees of adjectives: regular and irregular
  • Following are the examples of regular degrees of adjectives:

positive, comparative superlative sentences examples,

three degrees of adjectives examples,

superlative to positive degree examples,

comparative and superlative examples,

comparative degree examples,

  • Following are some of the examples of irregular degrees of adjectives.












Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk/ marker, duster, 4 – 5 pencils of different length


  • Write a few adjectives on the board; big, small, clean, dirty, good, bad etc
  • Ask them that if something is more big than just big, or if something is even more big than ‘more big’, then what would they call it?
  • Elicit about degrees of adjectives as they have already done them in class IV
  • Note down their responses. Responses may be (tall, taller, tallest/big ,bigger, biggest etc.)


Activity 1

  • Pick up four or five real objects of the same kind. For example, four or five pencils of different length. Ask the students how they would differentiate among the pencils.


      • This is a long pencil.
      • This pencil is longer than that.
      • This is the longest pencil.
      • Using a few flash cards showing different characteristics of common objects the teacher makes three sentences for three degrees of adjectives. The teacher may then show a list having the three degrees of adjectives in a tabular form.
      • Some other examples of such sort are given below


Positive Comparative Superlative
Small Smaller Smallest
Short Shorter shortest
Warm Warmer Warmest
Neat Neater Neatest


Activity 2

  • Recap the students about adding “er” with the adjective to form the comparative degree and add “est” for forming superlative degree of the adjective example. Old, older, oldest (for more examples see information for teacher or consult a grammar book)
  • After that tell them that the adjectives ending with “y” are magic words. The “Y” changes into “I” and then we add “er” and “est”. For example happy, happier, happiest.
  • Irregular Comparison: Some adjectives are compared irregularly, i.e. their comparatives and superlatives are not formed from the positive.
Positive Comparatively Superlative
Good Better Best
Bad Worse Worst
Little Less Least
Many More most

Activity 3

  • Write the following sentences on the board.
  • Ask the students to work in pairs and complete the sentences by choosing the correct degree of the adjectives given in brackets.
  1. Ashen is __________ boy in our class.  (tall, taller, the tallest)
  2. The class test was __________ than we had expected.  (easy, easier, the easiest)
  3. Tasha is _________________ boy in our family. (bad, worse, worst)
  4. King Solomon was  __________ of the kings we have ever heard of.  (wise, wiser, the wisest)
  5. It is _______________dress I have ever seen.(good, better, the best)
  6. Sam is __________ than Tom.  ( short, shorter, the shortest )

Conclusion/Sum up


Discuss about irregular comparisons (good, better, best) and the comparative/superlative degrees of the adjectives that end in y.



  • Ask the students to complete the following table individually.


Positive Comparatively Superlative
Small   Smallest
Strong stronger  
  more most

Follow up

Any related activity involving descriptions could be given as a follow-up of this concept.




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