Adjectives (Synonyms)

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Recognize meaning of common adjectives in relation to each other e.g. irritate-angry. 

Information for Teachers

·         Adjectives tell us more about nouns and pronouns. Adjectives are also called describing words or qualifiers.
·         There are many adjectives which have apparently the same meaning but they are used in different contexts and have different shade of meaning or degree. This sort of words is also called synonyms. Synonyms are words that are similar or have a related meaning to another word.
·         Synonyms are words that have identical or similar meaning like ask –inquire, mistake—errors etc.
·         For example: huge and big. ‘Huge’ is used to suggest ‘very great in size’ i.e. bigger than big. Pretty and handsome both mean someone who is good looking, but ‘pretty’ is used for a girl and ‘handsome’ for a boy or man.
·         While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps where and when applicable.

Material / Resources

Worm up activity

·         Write the following words on the board in jumbled order:
(White, huge, thin, fair, dark, smart, short, big, dark)
·         Ask the students to find words similar in meanings from the following adjectives, (you can also make flashcards which can be displayed on the vocabulary wall).
·         Ask the students to come up with oral sentences to understand the meaning.
·         Ask them if they can tell the difference in meaning of these words, e.g. white/fair, huge/big, smart/thin, dark/black, etc.
·         After taking their feedback, briefly explain them the difference between these words for their better understanding.


Activity 1                         

·         Write the following exercise on the board.
·         Ask the students to work in pairs and complete the sentences using the words in brackets.
1.       He saw a ______ crow (black/dark)
2.       It is a __________ room. (dark/black)
3.       My sister is a _____girl. She got the first position in her class. (smart/thin)
4.       My brother’s weight is only 30kg. He is a _______boy. (smart/thin)
5.       She is a _____girl. (tall/long)
6.       This is a ______ road. (tall/long)
7.       There are _____buildings in Lahore. (huge/big)
8.       Lahore is a  _____ city. (huge/bog)
Answer key:
1.       Black, 2. Dark, 3. Smart, 4. Thin, 5. Tall, 6. Long, 7. Huge, 8. Big
·         Students will do this work in their notebooks.
·         Monitor and help the students.
·         Once they have done the exercise, ask the students randomly to tell the answers.
·         Ask them to put the incorrect option and see that although the meaning is the same but we can’t use some words in place of others as each word has its own usage.
·         Give your input where required. Explain the difference in usage with examples.
·         Tell the students to make corrections in their note books.

Activity 2

·         Write the following adjectives on the board:
(nice, kind, real, genuine, thin, lean, feeble, quick, fast, ready, honest, trustworthy, alert, weak, current, gorgeous, stunning, beautiful, recent, enormous, contemporary, gigantic.
·         Now ask the students to pair up the words having similar meaning.
(Nice-kind, real-genuine, thin-lean, feeble-weak, quick-fast, ready-alert, honest-trustworthy) 
·         Then ask students to make their own sentences of the above mentioned words in their notebooks.
·         Guide and assist them during their written work.
·         After that, ask them to read their sentences for the whole class.
·         Take feedback from the class regarding the correct usage of the given words.

Sum up / Conclusion

·         Ask the students:
Ø  What are the adjectives?
Ø  Give a few examples of the adjectives having same meaning.


·         Ask the students to exchange and check each others work and give feedback.

Follow up

·         Ask the students to find at least three adjectives with the similar meaning from their textbook and make sentences.
·         Ask them to note people using similar adjectives at home and to share them in class.

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