Lesson Plan of Adverbs
Students’ Learning Outcomes
· Identify and use adverbs of manner, times, place and frequency.
Information for Teachers
· A Verb: a word used to define an action, state, or incidence, and making the main part of the predicate of a sentence, such as hear, become, happen.
· An adverb: a word that describes or gives more information about a verb, adjective, phrase or other adverbs in sentence. Such as ‘he eat quickly and ‘it was extremely good’. ‘Extremely and quickly are both adverbs.
· An Adverb: a word or phrase that transforms or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb or a word group, stating a kith and kin of place, time, situation, style, reason, degree, etc. (e.g., mildly, quite, then, there ).
· An adverb: An adverb can be auxiliary to a verb to alter its meaning. Commonly, an adverb states you when, where, how, in what manner, or to what amount an action is accomplished.
· Many adverbs finish in ly (mostly those that are used to prompt how an action is accomplished).
· Though numerous adverbs finish ly, lots, e.g., fast, never, well, very, most, least, more, less, now, far, and there.
· An adverb: adverb (noun): a word that changes a verb, an adjective or one more adverb, stating manner, place, time or degree; a word that can change a phrase, clause or sentence.
· An adverb: tell us more about verbs. They tell us ‘how’, ‘when’, ‘where’, and ‘how often’ something is done.
· An adverb of time: an adverb of time indicates the time of action. It may answers the question “when”.
· An adverb of manner: an adverb of manner shows how the action takes place. It answers the question. “How”.
· An adverb of place: an adverb of place tells where the action takes place. It may answers the question “where”.
· An adverb of frequency: an adverb of frequency tells how often the action takes place. It may answer the question “how often”.
· Adverb of degree: An adverb of degree states us the level or range that somewhat is done or occurs. Words of adverb of degree are nearly, much, nearly, quite, really, so, too, very, etc.
· Adverb of Purpose/Reason: it pronounces the purpose /reason for the action.
· Adverb of affirmation: tells whether a report is positive or expresses approval or endorsement such as supposedly, certainly, positively, undoughtably, and yes.
· Adverb of negation: expresses a negative condition or refusal such as no, not, never.
· Adverb of quantity: it describe about the count of nouns such as a car, two cars etc.
Material / Resources
Chalk/marker, duster, charts of adverbs, flashcards of adverbs, textbook
Worm up activity
· Create a mind map.
· Give students a root sentence and ask them to add adverbs to it.
· For examples:
· The root sentence is ‘Ali likes to jog’.
· With addition of the 4 adverbs it becomes: (Ali likes to jog slowly in Zama park on Sunday morning every week)
· Give other root sentences to students and ask them to use adverbs of time, place, manner and frequency to them one by one or all in one sentence.
· Ask students what they think is the function of adverbs, based on the worm up activity.
· Tell them that adverbs have different kinds but we will discuss.
Manner Time Place Frequency
· Draw four columns on the board and ask the students to copy them in their notebooks.
· Explain that adverbs of manner usually end in “ly”.
· Through examples clarify their concept of different types of adverbs.
1. Adverbs of Manner:
o She writes neatly.
o She talks loudly.
o He is sitting quietly.
· Adverbs of manner answers the question ‘how the action is done’.
2. Adverb of Time:
o My friend will come today/tomorrow.
o I am working now
o Annie bought a toy yesterday.
· Adverb of time answers the question when the action takes place.
3. Adverb of Place:
o The train will stop here.
o He is standing outside.
o I looked for my pen everywhere.
· Adverb of place answers the question where the action takes place.
4. Adverb of Frequency:
o He always speaks the truth.
o Ali never misses his bus.
o He will come again.
· Adverb of frequency answers the question how often somebody does something.
· Ask the students to write two short paragraphs on these topics, using adverbs of time, place, frequency and manner.
My favorite activity during the day
What I like to see my mother do
What I like to see my father do
Sum up / Conclusion
· Ask students to sum up what we have learnt today along with the samples of various kinds of adverbs.
· Ask the students to write five sentences using the following adverbs. It is better if the sentences are connected to each other, for example: they can be written as a paragraph on ‘One day in school’.
· Use happily, quickly, loudly, here, always, etc.
· Any related task from the textbook must be done as extension/follow up task.
· Continue to point out adverbs to students in their daily conversation.