Lesson Plan of Antonym (Opposite in Meaning)
English Grade V
Students’ Learning Outcomes
· Locate, provide & use words opposite in meaning.
Information for Teachers
· Antonyms are two words that have contrary meanings.
· Synonyms are words that have the alike or almost the similar meaning.
· Homonyms are words that are pronounced the similar, and are occasionally suggested the similar, but have diverse meanings.
· A synonym is a word that has almost the same meaning as another word.
· Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings.
· An antonym is a word that is the contrary sense of another. It originates from the Greek words “anti” for contrary and “onym” for name such as Here is an instance of antonyms for the word (“good” bad, badly, badness, and evil, evilness, ill, malevolent, malicious, poorly, and wicked.)
(“Friendly” unfriendly, unkind, uncaring, unhelpful)
Chalk/marker, duster, board, textbook
Worm up activity
· Start with a game: say a few sentences in which you are saying OPPOSITE of what is true in reality at that moment. (E.g. I am late (early) let the students have fun while they correct you!
· Tell them that they are going to learn more about antonyms.
· Say word and the class are going to provide the opposite of that word. Such as:
1. Big/large = (small, tiny, little)
2. Hot = (cold)
3. Early = (late)
4. Heavy = (light)
· To help students remember tell them that just like ‘anti’ means against (anti-corruption, anti- narcotics), antonyms also mean words that are against or opposite in meaning.
· Ask students to work in pairs and provide the following word bank which both the words and their opposites in correct order ( for teachers’ convenience) and then mix them up when you give them to students.
· Ask each pair to locate and connect to two sets of words (word and antonym).
· Then ask them to make a sentence using both words to clarify meaning. E.g. I want to wear clean clothes and untidy clothes.(to make the task less challenging they can be asked to make 2 sentences instead of one but both sentences should be linked in meaning.
· Monitor and help the students.
Sum up / Conclusion
· Ask the students:
o What are the similar words or synonyms?
o What are the antonyms?
· Ask students underline words and antonyms and provide synonyms for any one word.
· Tell them to check each others work for correct spellings, grammar, capitalization and punctuation.
· After checking ask the students to check their mistakes and write correctly.
· Ask the students to find five words from their English textbook and write their opposite words in their notebooks.