Characteristics & Needs of Living Things

Lesson Plan of Characteristics & Needs of Living Things

                                                                                 Animal Life Cycles (Frog, Butterfly, Bee, Plants)

              Students’ Learning Outcomes



  Draw and label key stages in the life cycle of a plant and animal.

  Compare the life cycle of two different animals.

      Information for Teachers

       A living organism passes through a series of changes from the birth to the time it produces its next generation. This series of changes is called the life cycle of organism.
       In many animals like frog, butterfly etc. The eggs do not hatch directly into young ones. First, the egg hatches into larva and then the larva grows into new animals.
       While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps where and when applicable.

                                   Material / Resource

Pictures of eggs, chick and hen, poster / pictures of the life cycle stages of frog, butterfly and flowering plant.
General science 4 (the textbook, advised by the Punjab textbook board)

  Worm up Activity

          Show the picture of egg, chick and hen(if available) or otherwise write the names (egg, chick and hen, )on the board.
          Ask the students to point out the sequence of stages.
          Show the picture of seed, seedling, small plant and tree (if available) and ask the students of point out the sequence of stages.
          Ask,” can you describe the stages of your life? Guide students to compare the above mentioned stages with the stages of their lives i. e baby, toddler, teenager, and adult.
          Discuss the term “life cycle” with the students.


Activity 1

          Ask the students to recall what they learned about the stages of the life of a hen, egg, chick, hen..
          Ask: have you ever seen a frog? Do you know how it develops? How does it look like when it is a baby? Ask them to imagine what a tiny frog looks like and draw a picture.
          Discuss with them the sequence of events that must occur before a frog develops.
          Inform them that first there are tiny eggs that cling together in the water. Draw on the board the line-diagram of tiny eggs in a pond.
          Explain the larva, called tadpole, comes out of the egg and then swim in the pond
          Inform the students that the tadpole grows legs and lungs and changes into a frog.
          Ask them to see the drawings from their book for better understanding of the life cycle of frog.
          Divide students into groups of 4 – 5. Gives each group a piece of white paper that is labeled with particular stage (egg, larva, or adult) in the cycle. Ask them to draw it out…..
          Let the students complete their pictures.
          After the students have illustrated their parts of the life cycle, ask one member to each group to come to the front of the class. Ask the students to arrange themselves in the sequence of the lifecycle. Let volunteers tell the order they should come in.

                                            Sum up / Conclusion

                      Recap the important stages of the life cycle of frog.


Activity 2
          Ask the students to write in circle the number of the stage of frog’s life cycle and to write the name of the stages.

                                              Follow up

          Ask the students to describe the role of flowers in life cycle of plants.
          Ask them to mark the similarities and difference between the life cycle of frog and butterfly.


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