Classification of Animals

Lesson Plan of Classification & Characteristics of Animals

          (Vertebrates and Invertebrates)

                 General Science Grade V

                  Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Differentiate between vertebrates and invertebrates according to key characteristics.
·         Identify vertebrates and invertebrates from their surroundings.

                             Information for Teachers

Classification of Animals

·         Animal can be classified on the bases of presence and absence of backbone.
·         Animal having backbone are called vertebrates.
·         Animal without backbone are called invertebrates.

                                   Material / Resources

                               Picture of vertebrates and invertebrates, textbook


        Worm up Activity

·         Recall the concept of skeleton and its importance to the students.
·         Demonstrate the location of the backbone by asking the students to touch the backbone of their friend and ask the following questions:
           —-what do you think that what is the role of our backbone?
           —-do you know animals also have backbone?
·         Tell them that some animals have backbone while some have not.
·         Ask the students: which animals do you think have backbone and which do not have?


Activity 1

·         Explain the presence and location of backbone in different vertebrates by showing the following pictures or similar ones.
·         Tell the students that those animals having backbone are called vertebrates and those have no backbone are called invertebrates.
·         Ask the students: What do you think to which group human being belongs?

 Activity 2

·         Show some pictures to the students like shown here to distinguish between vertebrates and invertebrates.


  Activity 3

·         Ask the students to name the vertebrates and invertebrates they find in their school or house premises.
·         Draw this table on the board and ask the students to copy on their notebooks.

                          Sum up /Conclusion

·         Animals can be classified on the basis of presence and absence of backbone.
·         Animals having backbone are called vertebrates e. g. cow, lizard, fish, man etc.
·         Animals without backbone are called invertebrates e. g. earth worm, butterfly, cockroach, etc.


·         Ask them to write names and draw vertebrates   and invertebrates which they know.
·         Ask the students to indicate the location of backbone in the given pictures or similar one as shown below.
·         Write the names of these animals on board and ask the students to circle animal that doesn’t fit in the relevant group.
Vertebrates: Dog, Ant, Monkey, Dolphin, and Horse.
Invertebrates: Worms, Butterfly, Cockroach, Lizard and Mosquito.
·         Involve the students in solving the questions given at the end of chapter / unit in textbook.

                             Follow up

·         Ask the students that why snake and earthworm are placed in the different groups in spite of the fact that they have same body shapes.
·         Draw the table on writing board and ask them to copy on their notebooks. Ask them to mark a tick or cross in the relevant column and ask them to complete it at home and bring it the next day.
A.      Characteristics
Presence of vertebral column
Small body size
B.      Example
Human being
Star fish

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