Classification of Living Things


       Students’ Learning Outcomes

·      Define classification.
·      Explain the need and importance of classification.

               Information for Teachers

Living things are organisms that display the key characteristics of life. These characteristics include the ability to grow, reproduce, take in and use energy, excrete waste, respond to the environment, and possess an organized structure more complex than that of non-living things.
Non-living thing is one that lacks or has stopped displaying the characteristics of life. Thus, they lack or no longer displaying the capability for growth, reproduction, respiration, metabolism, and movement.
·         All the physical features of an organism (animal or plant) or its living habits are called its characteristic.
·         Classification means grouping of things which are similar.
·         By classification study becomes easy, systematic and organized.
·         The place where a living thing lives is called its habit.
·         We can know the basic characteristics of all members of a group by examining only one member.

                                          Material / Resources

                                  Pictures of living and non-living things, textbook

 Worm up Activity

·         Ask the students about living thing and non-living things present in class or school.
·         Conduct a brainstorming session about the types of things by showing pictures of different living and non-living things or by writing their names on board.
·         Ask the students to classify living and non-living things.
·         Draw the following table on board and write the students’ response.
               Living things
   Non-living things


        Activity 1

·         Show the pictures of different animals living in different habitats (as shown below) or write the names of animals on board and ask the students to tell about where they live.










·                            Draw the following table on board and write students’ responses.
      Name of animal
·                      Now ask the students to make a list of animals living in same habitat e. g. owl, sparrow etc.
·                    Tell the students that in this way we can classify different animals on the basis of place where   they live.
·                 Tell them that the place where an animal lives is called its habitat.

       Activity 2

·         Show the following pictures of different plants (as shown below) and ask them to classify on the basis of their size e. g. big plants or small plants.


·         Initiate and guide the class discussion through questions:
·         What did you do? (Expected response: Arranged the plants in groups according to their size)
·         Tell the students that grouping of things on the basis of any characteristic is called classification.
·         Ask the students to classify the things present in their bags and then ask the following questions:
 How did you arrange the materials present in your bag?  (Expected responses: Like things   were put into one group, unlike things were placed into different groups).
              Is there any benefit of this grouping/ arrangement? (Expected responses: things appear in an   
              Orderly manner, counting becomes easy and items of one group are similar).
              Studying organisms become easier, systematic and organized.
              We can find out the basic characteristics of all members of a group by examining only one

      Activity 3

·         Ask the students that make different groups of living things on the basis of their same characteristics.
                            Sum up / Conclusion
·         Classification means grouping of things on the basis of same characteristics.
·         Classification is done on the basis of observable similarities and differences.
·         Ask students to answer the following questions:
            –What do you mean by classification?
            –Why is it necessary to classify the living things?
            –What can happen if we don’t classify the animals?

   Activity 1

·          Show pictures of different animals to students or write the names of these animals on board and ask them to classify according to their movement.
Animal that can fly
Animal that can creep
Animal that can run
Animal that can swim

   Activity 2

·         Tell the students the phrase “Billi Sher ki khala” and ask them to justify any link of this phrase with classification.
·         Involve the students in solving the questions given at the end of chapter/unit in textbook.
                           Follow up

·         Ask the students to create a chart depicting the classification of everyday objects present in their homes. Guide students to start by classifying all the objects in the home into two major group i. e. “natural” made of natural materials) and “artificial” (made of artificial materials). They should then divide the major groups into further smaller group e. g. “natural” decorative plants etc. similarly “artificial” may be divided into kitchen utensils, washroom accessories, electrical appli


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