Lesson Plan of Common fractions
Subject Mathematics
Grade III
Students` Learning Outcomes
 Express the fractions in figures and vice versa.
Information for Teachers
 A fraction is a way of representing division of a “whole” into parts.
 A general rule to write a fraction is as;
 The bottom part of fraction represents denominator which means total number of equal parts of the whole.
 Top part of fraction represents numerator which means desired or require parts of whole.
 While teaching the lesson, also consult textbook where and when applicable.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, any fruit, playing dough/clay, piece of papers/strips/cards, box filled with the figures flash cards divided into two, equal or unequal parts
Introduction
 Show a square piece of chart paper to the students.
 Ask the students to fold the paper in a way that it is divided into two equal parts.
 Explain that whole square is divided into two equal parts (use proper mathematical vocabulary during explanation).
 Write this activity on the board to show the fraction for example:
Development
Activity 1
 Give playing dough/clay to students and ask them to make a ‘Roti’ or ‘Nan’ in groups.
 Ask them to use a paper cutter/ruler to divide it into two halves.
 Ask in how many equal parts you have divided the Nan /bread? Write it on the board.
 Ask how many pieces they will take for ‘half’, write on the board?
 Guide students to write a fraction by writing total number of equal parts below a bar and number of concerning parts above the bar e.g. ½ .
 Introduce vocabulary numerator and denominator for the related numbers in the fraction to the students for better understanding of the concept.
 Ask them to make pieces of this ‘Nan/Bread’ for their four friends and show in fractions how much each would get?
Activity 2
 Divide the class into four groups.
 Provide those papers of different colors in different shapes e.g. square, triangle, rectangle, and circle.
 Ask students to divide different shapes into two equal parts.
 Tell them to paste their work on a big chart paper and write their fraction.
 Call all groups one by one to present their work and let other students ask questions so concept is clear to everyone.
Activity 3
 Provide a k sheet to students with different shapes and pictures.
 Ask them to draw a line to divide them in to two equal parts.
 Ask students to color half of the shapes and write fraction for the coloured part.
 Work sheet may carry following questions.
 Divide each shape into two equal parts and shade one part.
 Write fraction for the color parts.
 Encircle the figures to show the given fractions.
 Draw any shape to show the following by making a loop.
Sum up / Conclusion
 Ask following questions to wrap up the lesson.

 What is the total /part of any figure or shape called?
 What does denominator stand for?
 What does numerator stand for?

Assessment
 Give few diagrams or shapes divided into two parts, equally and unequally. Ask students to circle all those figures which are divided into two equal parts and write their fractions.
 Give some diagram of shapes to students and ask them to draw lines to divide into fractions and color.
Follow up
 Ask students to draw 5 shapes on notebooks and make as many as equal number of parts for the figures.
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