**Lesson Plan of Comparing Fractions**

**Subject Mathematics**

**Grade III**

**Students` Learning Outcomes**

- Compare fractions with same denominators, using symbols ‘<’, ‘>’, ‘=’.

**Information for Teachers**

- Fractions that have same denominator are called like fractions e.g.

- To compare like fractions look at the numerator, “greater the numerator greater is the fraction”.

- While teaching the lesson, also consult textbook where and when applicable.

**Material / Resources**

Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, paper strips, fraction flashcards

**Introduction**

- Write following incomplete expressions and ask students to write relation signs (<,> or =)

- Read the sentence from left to right.
- Explain the signs by using vocabulary greater than and lesser than.
- Write the following incomplete expressions and ask students to fill the boxes with suitable numbers e.g.

**Development**

**Activity 1**

- Give paper strips to students and ask them to fold and shade to make any fraction.
- Ask students to search for all those class fellows who have fraction with same denominators.

- Arrange them in a group (having same denominators).
- Ask them to line up their strips (fractions), paste on a chart paper and observe what is common between them.
- Tell them that all fractions that have the same denominators are called “like fractions”.
- Ask them to write all the fractions in their groups and compare which is the bigger fraction in each group by looking at the shading.

- Ask them to choose any two fraction and show the relation by using “<”, “>”, or “=” sign.
- Display group work in front of the class.
- Discuss which fraction is bigger and which one is smaller.

- Encourage them to generate examples to make a rule to compare all those fractions having same denominator.
- After the students have tried to make the rule tell them the rule and write it on the board.
- When comparing like fractions we compare the numerators. The fraction with the greater numerator is the greater fraction.
- Apply generalized rule to compare other fractions.

**Activity 2**

- Write some fractions having the same denominator on board e.g.

- Ask students to show fractions with diagrams and shading.
- Discuss with students which fraction has greater shaded part and which has lesser part by looking at the diagrams. More shaded part represent bigger fraction.

- Ask students to write the fractions in smaller to bigger and bigger to smaller order and use relation signs (< and >) accordingly.

- Discuss the rule to compare fractions with same denominator.

**Activity 3**

- Write some fractions with same denominator on paper strips e.g.

- Put them in a box and ask students to draw three fractions.

- Ask them to compare fractions and write in their notebooks in ascending order (from smaller to bigger)

**Sum up / Conclusion**

- Conclude that for comparing fractions with the same denominators we compare the numerators to see which numerator is greater. The fraction with the greater numerator is the greater fraction.
- Ask Ali shared 4/5 part of the bread with his friend. Usman shared 3/5 part of his bread. Who shared less and who shared more?

**Assessment**

- Assign some fractions (e.g. 1/7, 2/7, 3/7, 4/7 etc.) to students and ask them to compare these fractions.
- Also arrange fraction in ascending or descending order.

**Follow up**

- Write a string of fractions on board and ask students to write these fractions in their notebooks and use relation sign to compare boxes e.g.

- Give few equivalent fractions and ask to complete the relation.

- Ask the students to solve the questions given in the textbook.