Lesson Plan of Compound Words

Lesson Plan of Compound Words

English Grade V

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Use common compound words in speech and own writing.

Information for Teachers

·         Compound words are formed by joining two or more simple words to create a new word. Examples: air +plane=airplane, play +ground=playground.
·         Compound words are words that are formed from complete words and not prefixes or suffixes: week +end=weekend but weekly is not a compound word.
·         Compound word is a blend of two or more words that role as a single unit of meaning. For example: bed + time = bedtime, eye + sight = eyesight
·         Compound words are made by placing two words organized to form another word with a dissimilar meaning. Two common compound words are “handshake” and “lawsuit.” Compound words occasionally need hyphens, as in “able-bodied” or “three-legged.
Compound Words
·         Studying compound words is fun, helps students understand the language, builds an interest in words and will help prepare students to learn prefixes, suffixes and word roots.
·         It also helps learn spelling of lengthy words.

Material / Resources

Chalk/marker, duster, textbook

Worm up activity

·         Tell the students that today you are going to help them learn a trick to increase their vocabulary.
·         Remind them addition sums and sign of + and =.
·         Introduce compound words to the students by writing following words as sums: post +man = postman, moon +light = moonlight, tea +spoon = teaspoon
·         Ask the students to match the following words to form compound words in small groups and write the compound word in the 3rd column.
·         Monitor and help the students.
·         Once they are finished with the activity, ask them randomly to tell the compound words.
·         Ask the students to make corrections side by side in their notebooks.


Activity 1

·         Divide the students into two big groups: Group A and Group B.
·         Draw a table on the board with two columns. Write Group A and B  in the columns.
·         Tell the students that they are going to play game and they have to make compound words with the given words.
·         Tell them that you will pick a student and give him a chit with a root word written on it. These students will come to the board to write their compound words with their team shouting out their guesses
Root word
teaspoon, teapot, teahouse, tearoom, teashop
Toothpaste, toothbrush, toothache,
Backyard, background, backward, backpack
Bookshelf, bookstore, bookrack
Sunshine, sunflower, sunset, sunrise
·         Ask the other group to tell the correct word if a group member writes a wrong compound word.
·         Allow only two words per group. This will save time.

Activity 2

·         Ask the students to make 6 sentences using any 3 root words (2 compound words each)
·         Monitor and help the students.

Activity 2

·         Prepare flash cards of following words
Lifetime                elsewhere            upside                   grandmother
Cannot                 baseball               fireworks             passport
Together              become                became                sunflower
Crosswalk           basketball           sweetmeat         superstructure
Moonlight           football                railroad                rattlesnake
Anybody              weatherman      throwback          skateboard
Meantime           earthquake        everything          herein
Sometimes          also                   backward                         schoolhouse
Butterflies           upstream            nowhere                   bypass
Fireflies                 because               somewhere           spearmint
Something          another                somewhat            airport
Anyone                today    himself                              grasshopper
Inside                    themselves         playthings           footprints
Therefore            uplift                  supergiant             homemade
Without               backbone            scapegoat           peppermint
Supermarket   superman            supernatural   superpower
Somebody          someday             somehow            someone
Anymore             anyplace              anytime               anyway
·         Ask students to read and discuss in pairs and analyses the relationship of the compound words with each other for example:  sun +shine.
o   Words start with rain (rainwater ,rainbow,  rainfall, raincoat)
o   Words start with good (goodbye, goodnight)
o   Words start with after (afternoon, aftershock, afterwards, aftershave, aftereffects)
o   Words start with sun (sunshine, sunflower, sunset, sunrise)
o   Words that ends with one (someone, everyone, anyone)
o   Words that end with body (everybody, somebody, anybody)
o   Words that end with house (farmhouse, doghouse, dollhouse, guesthouse)
·         Explain the meanings where needed.
·         Distribute the flashcards of headwords to one group of students and make them stand in a line.
·         Read the words from other flashcards and ask students to tell which compound word can be made. Whichever student gives the correct answer holds the card and stands behind the child with the correct word.

Sum up / Conclusion

·         What are compound words? Give few examples.


·         Ask the students to exchange and check each other’s work and give feedback for improvement.
·         Tell the students to correct their work in the light of the feedback given by their peers.

Follow up

·         Take at least five compound words from the textbook and use them in sentences of their own.

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