Lesson Plan of Conjunction-I

English Grade IV

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Demonstrate the use of and, or ,if , but

Information for Teachers

·         A conjunction is a word that joins two or more words, phrases, or clauses.
·         The action or an instance of two or more events or things occurring at the same point in time or space.
·         A conjunction (or a joining word) is a word which connects words and group of words. 
·        “And”is used to join or add words together in the sentence.
Ø  They ate and drank.
Ø  Sana and Nida are twins.
·         “Oris used to show a choice.
Ø  Would you like ice-cream or popcorn?
Ø  Should we turn left or right?
·         “Butis used to show opposite or contrast.
Ø  Today the weather is sunny but cold.
Ø  Ants are small but strong.

Material / Resources

Chalk/marker, board, textbook, charts

Worm up activity

·         Ask the students to name two favorite foods, colors, games, best friends.
·         Explain to them how to use ‘and’ between the two words for example, pizza and chips, red and bluer, etc.
·         Ask to them if they have guests and they have to offer them a choice between tea or cold drinks, how will they say it?
·         Lead them to the use of ‘or’ to show a choice between two things.
·         Give one examples for them: What would you like to take tea or cold drink?
·         Ask to them for more examples of how ‘or’ is used.
·         Write the following sentences on the board and ask them to recognize the joining word in it. Yesterday it was cloudy but warm.
·         After taking their feedback, tell them to give more examples of sentences having but in them.
·         Now briefly explain the function of joining words ‘or’, ‘and’, and ‘but’ to them.
·         Write some more sentences of the joining words or, but, and on the same patterns with the help of students for their better understanding.


Activity 1

·         Write the following sentences on the board and ask to them to underline conjunction an them. Involve the whole class in the activity.
Ø  Ali can read and write.
Ø  Give me a pencil or a pen.
Ø  I like ice-cream but my mother doesn’t give it to me.
Ø  Take out your books and notebooks.
Ø  I want to go but it is raining outside.
·         Here also reinforce/explain the function of and, or and, but.
·         Students will do this work in their notebooks.
·         Now ask some students to tell the use of the joining words in their sentences.

Activity 2

·         Divide the class into groups of four.
·         Ask to them to write 3 to 5 sentences using the conjunctions and, or and but in their notebooks.
·         Help them in sentence construction and spelling.
·         Ask the groups in turns to read their sentences for the whole class.

Activity 3

·         Write the following sentences on the board.
1.       Fruits _____ vegetables are good for you.
2.       Cross the bridge slowly ____comfortably.
3.       Naila writes fast ____but neatly.
4.       Rock-climbing is difficult _____ a fun.
5.       Is a spider an insect ______ an animal?
6.       I don’t know whether to laugh ______or to cry.
(Answers key: 1. And,   2. And,   3. But,   4. But,   5. Or,   6. Or
·         Now ask the students to add, or, and, and but in them appropriately.
·         Students will do this exercise in their notebooks.
·         After that take their random feedback.

Sum up / Conclusion

·         Ask the students to tell sentences containing conjunctions: and, or, and but.
·         Ask them to think of situations where they themselves can use these.


·         Write the following incomplete sentences on the board. Ask the students to copy them in their notebooks and complete them while using and or  but.
1.       Amir has a dog _______ a parrot.
2.       She likes mangoes ______ not apples.
3.       Give me a paper ______ a notebook.
4.       He is weak ________active.
5.       I like tennis ______ cricket.
(Answer key: 1. And,  2. But,    3. Or,  4. But,   5. And.)

Follow up

·         Ask the students to revise the taught conjunctions in the class.
·         Continue to remind them these words when they are used in other subjects.
·         Ask the students to write ten sentences using ‘and’, ‘or’, and ‘but’.

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