Lesson Plan of Conjunctions

Lesson Plan of Conjunctions

English Grade V

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         What are the joining words?
·         Demonstrate use of joining words learnt earlier.
·         Recognize, function of more joining words such as for example, for instance to introduce an example etc.

Information for Teachers

·         A conjunction is a part of speech that is used to connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences.
·         A conjunction is a word that shows the relationship between two words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank.
·         A conjunction is the glue that holds words, phrases and clauses (both dependent and independent) together
·         The relationship may give information about time, reason, agreement/disagreement, or order of events.
·         Remember, the main job of a conjunction is to link together different parts of a sentence.  
·         A compound sentence has two separate nouns and verb. We can combine two separate sentences together to form a compound sentence using comma and a conjunction. The conjunctions we can use include: for, and, but, or, yet, so
·         There are three types of conjunction. Such as:
1.       Coordinating: and, or, for, nor, but, yet, so
2.       Correlative: both….and, either….or, whether….or, neither…nor, not only……but also
3.       Subordinating Conjunctions: after, because, lest, till, although, before, now that, unless, as, even if, provided, until, as if, even though, since, when, as long as, how, so that, when ever, where, wherever, while, though, that, than, so that, as much as, if, in as much as, as soon as, as though, in order that.       
·          To give an example in a sentence and a paragraph, the following conjunction  s can be used :
v  For example
v  For instance
·         Both the phrases can be used within a sentence when it is followed by different items or a list of things. Such as
o   I have visited many cities of Pakistan, for example, Murree, Islamabad, etc.
o   You need many things, for instance, warm clothes, a hand bag, and a towel.
·         You can begin a new sentence with both the phrases if they are followed by a complete idea or sentences (not a list of items)

Material / Resources

Chalk/marker, flashcards (apple, orange or an), textbook

Worm up activity

·         A conjunction (or a joining word) is a word which connects words and group of words.
o   And is used to join or add words together in the sentence. E.g. They ate and drank.
o   Or is used to show alternatives as in the sentence. E.g. He will be here on Monday or Tuesday.
o   But is used to show opposite or contrast as in the sentence. E.g. she is small but strong.
o   So is used to show result as in the sentence. E.g. I was tired so I went to sleep.
o   Because is used to express reason. E.g. I watch TV because I like it.
·         Ask the students :
o   Tell two of their favorite fruit names?
o   What are their two favorite indoor games?
o   What outdoor games do they like the most?
·         Model the structure by writing these sentences and underline the conjunction, e.g. I like mangoes and oranges. I like to play badminton but I love to play cricket etc. and introduce conjunction.
·         When students come up with the different answers, write their responses on the board.
·         Make students stand with two words and a third child stands with a conjunction. Ask students to link their arms to show how conjunction is holding them together.
·         Write the following exercise on the board.
·         Ask the students to read aloud and finish the sentences using the given options.
·         Once the students are done with the sentences, ask them to tell which part of speech these words in the bracket belong to:
1.       Is the Shah Faisal Mosque in Lahore ________Islamabad? (and, or, but, so)
2.       Is it a new car ________ and old car? (or, and, so, but)
3.       Ali has not been to Karachi _______ he has been to Lahore. (and, but, so or)
4.       It is very cold outside __________ I’m going to put on warm clothes. (although, and, until, so)


Activity 1

·         Explain the purpose/function of conjunctions.
·         Write the following sentences on the board.
·         Ask the students to copy the sentences in their notebooks.
·         Tell them to work in pairs and join the following sentences into one using so or when.
·         Don’t forget to remove the full stop and change the capital letter into small letter.
1.       We worked hard.
2.       We won the match.
Answer: We worked so hard so we won the match.
1.       What were you doing?
2.       Father came back home.
Answer: What were you doing when father came back home?
1.       Take your notebook from Asia.
2.       The school is over.
Answer: Take your notebook from Asia when the school is over.
1.       Cheating is a bad habit.
2.       I avoid it.
Answer: Cheating is a bad habit so I avoid it.
1.       Hassan offered me a good job.
2.       I accepted it.
Answer: Hassan offered me a good job so I accepted it.
·         Take rounds and help the students.
·         When they are done, ask them to tell the correct options.
·         Ask the students to put other incorrect options and see how it will not make sense.

Activity 2

·         Ask the students to write a paragraph on ‘My favorite season of the year’ or ‘what my parents like about me’ using appropriate conjunctions.
·         Monitor and help the students while writing.

Sum up / Conclusion

·         Ask the students to check each other’s work for the use of conjunctions, correct spellings, capitalization and punctuation.
·         Ask the students to write the second draft in the light of the feedback given by the peers.


·         Ask the students:
o   What are conjunctions?
o   Ask them to complete the thought using conjunctions.
1)      It is raining outside,………(so I will stay at home, so I will take an umbrella, because thick clouds had gathered in the sky, because it’s monsoon season now)
2)      Uma is not well, so she has to have medicine Uma is not well, because she was playing in the rain and caught a cold.

Follow up

·         Ask the students to find out five conjunctions from their textbooks and make sentences in their notebooks.

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