Students’ Learning Outcomes
· Identify and illustrate extended use of words that point to something.
Information for Teachers
· Demonstrative pronouns are used for pointing out a particular something/some people that we are talking about.
· A demonstrative pronoun is a pronoun that is used to point to something definite within a sentence. These pronouns can indicate items in space or time, and they can be either singular or plural
· There are four demonstrative pronouns: 1. this, 2. There 3. That 4. Those.
· This and that are singular. They refer to one person or thing. These and those are plural. They refer to more than one person or thing.
· Which demonstrative pronoun to use depends on the number of things/people that we are talking about and whether the subject (s) is/are near to us?
Near to us
Not near to us
That is my book. => Negative form: That isn’t my book.
This is a fruit basket. => Negative form: This isn’t a fruit basket.
These are dolls. => Negative form: These aren’t dolls.
Those are Arum and Faze. => Negative form: Those aren’t Arum and Faze.
· To change a statement into a question, we reverse the order of the demonstrative pronoun and the verb.
This is paper bag. => is this a paper bag?
That is a locker. => is that a locker?
These are 5thgrade students. => Are these 5th grade students?
Those are boards. => Are those boards?
· In giving short answers to questions using demonstrative pronouns, we can use it to replace this and that, they to replace these and those.
Yes, it is.
No, it isn’t.
Yes, they are.
No, they aren’t.
· Demonstrative pronouns should be taught and practiced using the actions.
· Time allocation for activities can change as per need of activity.
· While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps where and when required.
Material / Resources
Chalk/marker, board, textbook
Worm up activity
· Write ‘this’, ‘these’, ‘that’, and ‘those’ on the board.
Ask the students to recall the us4 of these words
Ask the students:
o If someone or something is placed close to you, which word is used to point it? ( this)
o If someone or something is placed at a distance from you, which word is used to point to it? (that)
o If there are many people or things placed near you, which word is used to point them? (these)
o If there are many people or things placed fare away to you, which word is used to point to them? (those)
· Encourage the students with words like “good” or “well done” if they gave correct answers. Reinforce the rules to use the demonstrative pronouns if they gave incorrect answers.
· Show students how to form questions by using demonstrative pronouns (reverse the order of the subject and the verb). First, write a sentence on the board and then change the statement into a question.
This is a clean shirt. Is this a clean shirt?
· Teach students that we can use ‘it’ to replace ‘this’ and ‘that’.
· Teach students that we can use ‘they’ to replace ‘these’ and ‘those’.
· Walk around classroom, points at different students/ items and ask questions, then asks students to provide answer.
· Write 5-8 sentences on the board depending on the time. Like this:
Directions: choose the pronoun in parentheses ( ) to complete each sentence. Write the correct word on the line.
1. Are ______ your flowers? (that, those)
2. This book isn’t very good, but ______ book is great. (that, this)
3. Look at ______ man over there. (this, that)
4. I love ________ shoes but I don’t like that shirt. (those, that)
5. Is ___________ his house? (those, that)
6. _____________ Dress looks great on you. (this, these)
7. Can I look at ____ photographs? (that, these)
8. _______ Toys over here are not expensive. (these, those)
1. Those, 2. That, 3. That, 4. Those, 5. That, 6. This, 7. These, 8. Those
· Ask the students to choose one demonstrative pronoun to complete each sentence.
· Instruct the students that they must read each sentence carefully. They must see whether the noun in each sentence is singular or plural.
· Tell the students that in each sentence there is a hint to find the location of the subject.
· Help the students understand the meaning of each sentence while they are doing them.
· If time allows, go through the answers with the students after they have finished the class work.
(You can choose the sentences (statements) from the textbook).
· Write on the board three sentences (statements) and asks them to change the statements into questions. Like as follows:
1. That is a haunted house.
2. These are Australian parrots.
3. This is an interesting book.
· Reinforce the rules to change a statement into a question while students are working.
· When students are done with changing statements into questions, write three questions on the board. Ask students to write the answers of the questions using ‘it’ and ‘they’.
· Reinforce the rule to answer a question that was taught in the worm up activity.
· Provide further help to the students where and when required.
Sum up / Conclusion
· Quickly review the lesson by asking the students questions:
· What pronoun is used for people and things close to us?
· What pronoun is used for people and things far from us?
· Is “this” a singular or plural?
· Is “those” a singular or plural?
· Is the pronoun “it” used for singular nouns or plural nouns? Etc.
· Assess students’ ability to identify demonstrative pronouns through their correct responses during worm up activity.
· Assess students’ ability to construct short questions using demonstrative pronouns and to give answers using it and them through their performance in the activity no. 2.
· Assess students’ ability to illustrate use of demonstrative pronouns through the correct choice made during the activity 1.
· Assess students’ ability to illustrate use of the pronoun it as subject through their performance in the follow up activity.
· Write 5 sentences using demonstrative pronouns on the board for students to copy in their notebooks. Ask them to re-write the sentences by changing the statements into questions.