Students ‘Learning Outcomes
· Articulate and identify words containing digraphs and trigraphs in initial, middle and final position.
Information for Teachers
· This lesson will focus on trigraphs in initial, middle and final position.
· Trigraphs i. e. a chain of three letters that are used together and make one sound e. g. ‘an’ in paint, faint, etc.
· As students become familiar with the word strings, they will learn to spell and pronounce.
· Digraphs and trigraphs represent 2- letters, 3 letters that produce one sound. Blends produce joined sound, but we can still hear each sound inside the blend.
· They help us to identify the combined or blended sound we need to spell and read correctly.
· While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult the textbook where applicable.
Material / Resources
Pictures / flashcards trigraphs words. Colored chalks/markers to high light the digraphs/trigraphs in words written on board,
Worm Up activity
· Write down the following words on the board.
Phone, fish, fight, three, shell
· Ask them to find out the letters that are friends and having a same sound in the word.
· After taking their feedback under line these letters.
· After that, ask them to tell what do we call letters having the same sound in the same word.
· Tell them briefly about trigraphs (as refer in information for teachers).
· Ask them to add more words in the given trigraphs.
· Check their pronunciation and spelling.
· Write the following trigraphs on the board in the columns.
· Now ask students to think of words that have a particular trigraph ‘dge’.
· Repeat this activity with other trigraphs as well.
· After that, discuss the position of each trigraph in the given words on the board.
· Ask them to sort out trigraph in initial, middle, and final posiyion in the given words.
· Hold a competition by dividing the class in two groups.
· Ask the students to suggest three words that would go under the headings in each of the columns on the board.
· Let the groups take turns, scoring one point for each correct answer.
· The team that gives more correct answers will be the winner.
· Students must copy the complete table of words in their notebooks.
· Now keep already prepared flash cards of words containing trigraphs in initial, middle, and final positions, in a basket.
· Ask one student to pick up a card and read his/her word aloud.
· Rest of the class will recognize the trigraph and its position in the word.
· Give chance to different students to take part in this activity.
· Choose a paragraph from the textbook.
· Ask the students to point out two digraphs and two trigraphs in the paragraph.
· Continue to point out digraphs and trigraphs to students when such words come up in other subjects to.
· Involve the students in solving problems given in exercise at the end of unit/chapter.
· Ask students to use the digraphs ( 2 letters) and trigraphs ( 3 letters) to write ten words and draw pictures of them.