Lesson Plan of Distinguish Between Facts & Opinions
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Apply critical thinking to interact with text using intensive reading strategies (while reading) to:
- Locate an opinion.
- Distinguish fact from opinion made by any statement..
Information for teachers
- A fact is a piece of information that actually exists or such events that have occurred in reality. as; “The sun sets in the west”.
- Opinion is a view or judgment formed about something which is happened, (not necessarily based on fact or knowledge). Individuals have different opinions. As; “I like sunset”.
- It is important that students learn to distinguish between facts and opinions. Also, it is equally important that they learn to accept that others might have different opinions and that we should respect their opinions.
- Opinions are never right or wrong which is set by the different peoples. It is just another way of looking at a thing.
- While teaching the lesson, consult textbook at all steps wherein and when applicable during process of lecture.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, chart paper, duster and textbook
- Introduce the topic by writing following three pairs of sentences on the board: (don`t write the information given in brackets, this is for your reference only.)
- Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan (fact: officially stated in all document.) it is a very peaceful city (opinion).
- Monsoon begins around July and ends in August (fact: stated in geography books and happens regularly every year). It is the best season of the year (opinion)
- My friend Bilal always stands first in his class (fact: his results show this). He is the best boy of the class (opinion).
- Tell them the difference between a fact and an opinion in very simple words.
- Tell students that people argue because they think that their opinion is the only right one; or that their opinion about something is a fact. As; we think Pakistan is a wonderful country. This is an opinion not a fact because people may have different opinions about Pakistan too.
- Write the following definitions on a chart paper and display in your classroom for discussion and better learning.
- Select a page from the textbook which has some facts and opinions in it.
- Ask them to open the page of the textbook which you have selected. Ask half of the class to find and underline facts and the other half to underline opinions from the given page/chapter of the textbook.
- Divide the class into two groups. Let the groups be seated in front of each other.
- Give them a topic to discuss. Try to select a topic which is of higher interest for the students. As; cricket/television/homework, vacation,
- After discussion, ask one group to make a list of facts about the topic.
- Ask the other group to make a list of opinions about the topic.
- Students then read out their lists and make the other group listen and ask questions when required.
- Ask the other group of students to listen to the discussion and stop the discussion where they hear a fact. They must explain how it is a fact and not an opinion. Then continue the discussion.
Sum up / Conclusion