Electricity and Magnetism

Lesson Plan of Electricity and Magnetism

General Science Grade IV


  • Make a simple electric circuit.
  • Distinguish between open and close electric circuit.


  • Then battery cell, bulb and switch are connected with the help of wires, electric current starts flowing through them. Such a connection of different devices is called   ELECTRIC CIRCUIT.

Open & Close Circuit

  • When circuit is open when the switch is OFF.
  • When circuit is close when the switch is   ON.

                                 MATERIAL REQUIRED

Battery cell, Connecting wires, Torch bulb with holder, Switch, sheet of white paper

   Worm up activity 

  • Ask what do we do when it gets dark.
  • How do we turn on a bulb?
  • what happens when we press the switch on?
  • Inform the students that while entering in the home at night, we press a switch and the whole room is lighted. While going out we turn the switch OFF.
  • What makes the bulb light up? When turning the switch ON, do we start using electricity?
  • Do we also use electricity when we turn off the switch? (No)
  • Do you know what is an electric circuit? Let us perform the following activity to find out about it.


Activity: 1

  • Give each group a set of materials [Battery cell, connecting wires, switch and bulb].
  • Ask them to light the bulb by constructing a circuit with the material provided.
  • Guide the students if they feel any difficulty.
  • Ask the students to close the switch. Does the bulb glow?
  • What passes through the wires to make the bulb glow?
  • Ask the students to open the switch. What happens to the bulb?
  • Ask, why does the bulb not glow when the switch is open?
  • Now draw a diagram of electric circuit on the board.
  • Ask some questions to make the concept of students clear.

Electricity & Magtesim

   →   What made the bulb glow?

   →   What is the use of battery? [Battery make the bulb glow].

   →   What is a close circuit?

   →   What is an open circuit?

   →   Does the current flow when the circuit is open?

   →   Does the current flow when the circuit is closed?


  • Make a chart or write down on blackboard for the following questions. Display it on the wall at the end of lesson and will ask the questions verbally.

Electricity & Magtesim

   →   When does a current flow in the circuit?

   →   What is the basic requirement for the flow of current in the circuit?

   →   Why does the bulb not glow when the switch is open?

   →   Does the current flow in the circuit if the switch is open.

   →   What is the use of the battery?

   →   What is the function of the connecting wire in the circuit?

                                                                FOLLOW UP / HOME WORK

  • Prepare a list of electric appliances used in your home.
  • In which states are their circuits open or close?







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