Lesson Plan of Equivalent Fractions
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Identify equivalent fraction from the given figures.
Information for Teachers
- Equivalent fractions are fractions that have the same value or represent the same part of an object.
- If a circle is cut into two pieces, each piece is half of the circle.
- If a circle is cut into 4 pieces, then two pieces represent the same amount of circle that ½ did.
- We say that ½ is equivalent to 2/4.
- While teaching the lesson, also consult textbook where and when applicable.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, paper strips, fraction flashcards, paper sheets, mathematics textbook
- Ask students, what do they know about half?
- Ask them, if they have 6 apples and give away 3, how much part they have given? (half =1/2)
- If they give away 5 from 10, how much part is given away? (half = ½)
- Make them develop the understanding about the word;
- Draw a circle on the board.
- Call one student to divide it into two half and write its fraction. ½
- Call another student to further divide it into four equal parts, color only two parts and write its fraction. 2/4.
- Repeat the same procedure by further dividing it into six, eight, and ten equal parts and colour half of them.
- Ask every time to write the fraction of coloured part.
- Explain the procedure of writing fraction to the students.
- Do the following activity by yourself and ask students to follow you.
- Give a paper sheet to students and ask them to shade half of the paper.
- Ask students to fold half into half, highlighted folded lines and call out the fraction.
- Ask students to further fold half, highlight .folded lines and call out the fraction.
- Ask students again to fold in half, highlight folded lines and call out the fraction.
- Give paper strips to students in groups.
- Ask them to represent ½, 2/4, 3/6, 4/ 8 and 5/10 fractions by folding and shading.
- Ask them to arrange all strips in a row and identify what is common in all?
- Discuss similarly in all five strips and help them to describe all strips have same shaded portion but they are different fractions.
- Highlight that the fractions may be different but they show the same amount. These are equivalent fractions.
- Give different pictorial presentation of fraction e.g. 1/6, ½, 2/3, ¾, 3/6, 2/4 etc. to different groups of students.
- Ask them to arrange that entire fraction card having same shaded portion.
- Ask them, why they are grouped together?
- Ask them, what to call those fractions having same shaded area?
- Introduce word ‘equivalent fraction’ and help them to describe equivalent fraction.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Ask students what they have learnt in the session.
- Recall the main points.
- By showing the picture explain work equivalent fraction.
- Img activity 1
- Define equivalent fractions, “fractions which have the same value or represent the same part of an object, even though they may look different.” Examples ½ and 2/4 are equivalent, because both of these are showing half.
- Give 4 square pieces of paper to students and ask them to fold and shade to make equivalent fractions.
- Give 5 circles to students and ask them to color some parts of each circle so that they show equivalent fractions.
- Assign any one fraction to students;
- Ask them to make equivalent fraction of assigned fraction and draw their diagrams.
- Assign different but simple fractions to students and ask them to write 3 equivalent fractions of them.
- Ask the students to solve the questions given in the textbook.