# Lesson Plan of Equivalent Fractions

## Students` Learning Outcomes

• Identify equivalent fraction from the given figures.

### Information for Teachers

• Equivalent fractions are fractions that have the same value or represent the same part of an object.

• If a circle is cut into two pieces, each piece is half of the circle.

• If a circle is cut into 4 pieces, then two pieces represent the same amount of circle that ½ did.
• We say that ½ is equivalent to 2/4.

• While teaching the lesson, also consult textbook where and when applicable.

### Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk/marker, paper strips, fraction flashcards, paper sheets, mathematics textbook

### Introduction

• Ask them, if they have 6 apples and give away 3, how much part they have given? (half =1/2)

• If they give away 5 from 10, how much part is given away? (half = ½)
• Make them develop the understanding about the word;

Activity 2

• Draw a circle on the board.

• Call one student to divide it into two half and write its fraction. ½

• Call another student to further divide it into four equal parts, color only two parts and write its fraction. 2/4.

• Repeat the same procedure by further dividing it into six, eight, and ten equal parts and colour half of them.

• Ask every time to write the fraction of coloured part.
• Explain the procedure of writing fraction to the students.

### Development

Activity 1

• Do the following activity by yourself and ask students to follow you.
• Give a paper sheet to students and ask them to shade half of the paper.

• Ask students to fold half into half, highlighted folded lines and call out the fraction.

• Ask students to further fold half, highlight .folded lines and call out the fraction.

• Ask students again to fold in half, highlight folded lines and call out the fraction.

Activity 2

• Give paper strips to students in groups.
• Ask them to represent ½, 2/4, 3/6, 4/ 8 and 5/10 fractions by folding and shading.

• Ask them to arrange all strips in a row and identify what is common in all?
• Discuss similarly in all five strips and help them to describe all strips have same shaded portion but they are different fractions.
• Highlight that the fractions may be different but they show the same amount. These are equivalent fractions.

Activity 3

• Give different pictorial presentation of fraction e.g. 1/6, ½, 2/3, ¾, 3/6, 2/4 etc. to different groups of students.
• Ask them to arrange that entire fraction card having same shaded portion.

• Ask them, why they are grouped together?
• Ask them, what to call those fractions having same shaded area?
• Introduce word ‘equivalent fraction’ and help them to describe equivalent fraction.

### Sum up / Conclusion

• Ask students what they have learnt in the session.
• Recall the main points.
• By showing the picture explain work equivalent fraction.
• Img activity 1
• Define equivalent fractions, “fractions which have the same value or represent the same part of an object, even though they may look different.” Examples ½ and 2/4 are equivalent, because both of these are showing half.

### Assessment

• Give 4 square pieces of paper to students and ask them to fold and shade to make equivalent fractions.
• Give 5 circles to students and ask them to color some parts of each circle so that they show equivalent fractions.

• Assign any one fraction to students;

• Ask them to make equivalent fraction of assigned fraction and draw their diagrams.
• Assign different but simple fractions to students and ask them to write 3 equivalent fractions of them.
• Ask the students to solve the questions given in the textbook.

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