Lesson Plan of Expository Paragraph

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Write a simple expository paragraph.

Information for Teachers

·         Paragraph is an elementary unit of prose. It is generally composed of numerous sentences that together improve one central idea. The main sentence in a paragraph is called the subject sentence.
·         There are four kinds of paragraphs that you want to know about: descriptive, narrative, expository, and convincing.
·         In this lesson discussion will be at expository paragraph.
·         Expository paragraph: is a paragraph that explains and analyses a topic giving you information, an explanation facts or a illustration.
·         Expository comes from the term expose, meaning, “to reveal”
·         Expository paragraph, you provide information. You clarify a subject, give guidelines, or show how somewhat occurs. In expository writing, connecting words like first, second, then, and finally are generally used to help readers follow the concepts.
·         An expository paragraph: explain the process and procedure of activities or information.
·         In an expository paragraph we give information. We explain a subject, give directions, facts and information about the topic, or show how something happens.
Elements of Expository Paragraph:
Ø  The opening sentences need to first identify the topic of the paragraph.
Ø  The body of the paragraph presents specific information that clarifies and provides examples of the topic.
Ø  A closing sentence strongly confirms the topic.
Ø  In expository writing, transition words such as ‘next’, ‘again’, ‘later’, ‘first’, ‘second’, ‘then’, and ‘finally’ are usually used to help readers follow the ideas. Etc.
·         A paragraph has a main sentence and then its explanation.
·         When we write we must put all sentences about one thing or idea together in a paragraph i.e. every paragraph talks about just one thing in detail.
Topic sentence:
·         It is the main sentence or idea around which the development of the paragraph takes place.
·         All the paragraphs have an idea, the whole paragraph moves around the information related to that idea only.
Ø  The main sentence tells what you are writing about. The middle part of the paragraph contains sentences that follow one another in a logical sequence of steps.
Ø  The final sentence closes the subject with an emphasis on the final product or process desired by the topic.

Material / Resources

Cut outs of expository paragraphs from magazines, worksheet chart, chalk/marker, board

Worm up activity

·         Paste the following worksheet/chart on the board:
Frogs & Toads
Frogs & Toads are similar, but they are not exactly the same. Both Frogs and Toads are amphibians. Both eat insects and lay their eggs in water. A toad spends more time on land than a Frog. Its body is shorter and wider than a frog’s. Its skin is also thicker and bumpier.
·         Ask a student to read the paragraph.
·         Ask the students to identify the main sentence of the paragraph (Frogs & Toads are similar, but they are not exactly the same).
·         Don’t correct the students. Ask their class fellows to give the correct answers.
·         Underline the detail sentences and circle the end/Conclusion about the frogs and toads.
·         Tell the students about the expository paragraph.


Activity 1

·         Write an interesting beginning sentence with the students on the board, e.g.
 There are several things everyone can do to prevent sickness.
Homework helps us revise the concept learnt in class.
·         Brain storm for ideas to add details to continue writing after the first sentence which is the main sentence.
·         Ask the students to give ideas based on the following questions:
Ø  What details must be added?
Ø  What facts and information must be given?
Ø  What sequence of ideas will be followed to write the explanation of the topic?
·         Write all the ideas on the board in the form of a mind map.(put the main sentence in the middle in a circle and write ideas about the questions around the circle).
·         Divide the class in pairs.
·         Ask the students to write a small expository paragraph of about 6-7 sentences to explain what can be done to prevent sickness or how can homework help in revising the concept.
·         Students take help from the ideas written on the board. They should write only one paragraph on one topic.
·         Remind the students of the structure of the paragraph-the main sentence, the body (details/related ideas) and the end/Conclusion.

Sum up / Conclusion

·         Ask the students: Name the parts of a paragraph.
·         What details must be added in a paragraph?
·         What is an expository paragraph?
·         Find the exercise related to the topic in the text book.
·         Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.


·         Once the students have finished, ask a few students to read out their expository paragraph in class.
·         Ask the students to give feedback to each other.
·         Ask the students to correct their work in the light of the feedback given by their peers.
·         Teacher can also give them a topic of his/her own choice to write an expository paragraph. He/she can remind students of the main elements that are to be used for writing it.

Follow up

·         Ask the students to write an expository paragraph about the second topic that students didn’t do in class.
·         They can note down the ideas from the boards in their notebook.
·         Ask the students to practice this format for writing information in Science and Social Studies.

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