Expository Paragraph Writing

Lesson Plan of Expository Paragraph Writing

English Grade VIII

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Analyze written texts to use in their own writing, features of a simple expository composition showing process or a procedure:
o   Correct verb form (present tense) for general descriptions of a process or procedure.
o   Correct verb form (past passive tense) for reporting a particular procedure in the past.
o   sequential order of ideas
o   Appropriate sequence markers e.g. first, next. Then, etc.

Information for Teacher

·         A paragraph is a collection of sentences that fleshes out a single idea.
·         A paragraph consists of numerous sentences that are assembled together.
·         Paragraph has three main parts.
·         These three parts are the topic sentence, body sentences, and the concluding sentence.
·         Whereas the first two of these components are always present, not every paragraph has a concluding sentence
·         Expository writing is a type of writing, the purpose of which is to inform, explain, describe or define the author’s subject to the reader.
·         Expository text is meant to deposit information and is the most frequently used type of writing by students in school, colleges and universities.
·         This paragraph, like the others, arranges itself about three parts.
·         A topic sentence:  Allows the reader to understand what you are writing about.
·        The middle part of the paragraph contains sentences that follow one another in logical sequence of steps.
·         The final sentence closes your subject with an emphasis on the final product or process desired by the topic.
·         An expository essay is a written explanation of a subject. The goal is to share information with the reader. It may be abstract or concrete in nature.

                       Concept Map

Material / Resources

Routine classroom resources, worksheets of check list

Worm up activity

·         Tell the students that Expository writing is a type of writing, the purpose of which is to inform, explain, describe, or define the author’s subject to the reader.
·         Expository text is meant to deposit information and is the most frequently used type of writing by students in schools, colleges and universities.
·         A well-written exposition remains focused on its topic and lists events in chronological order.
·         Examples of expository writing include driving directions and instructions on performing a task.
·         Key words such as first, after, next, then and last usually signal sequential writing.
·         Second-person instructions with “you” however, the use of first-person pronouns should be avoided.
·         Expository essays will not reveal the opinion of the writer.
·         Fill in the following graphic organizer with the help of the students after explaining to them what expository writing is.


Activity 1

Explanation of the Activity:
·         Grade VI: display a chart with the main features of type/genre of writing in focus.
·         Divide students in pairs/group and provide them sample writing.
·         Students will identify the main features from the writing with the help of the chart.
Sample: How much I know about Space.
I had just gone to Islamabad Space and Science Center. When I got there, I didn’t even know one planet in our solar system. Soon I learned all eight planets in our solar system. I learned what the first rocket ship looked like. I had two lessons. The lessons were fun. My favorite class was space class.
Grade VII:  Divide the class in pair/groups of 4-5, provide them sample paragraph from textbook. Allocate time for the students to identify the main features. Take feedback and write the main features on the board.
Grade VIII: write the name of the type/genre on the board. Ask students about the main features and write them on the board.
1.       Which form of writing are you reading?
(Expected response:  These sentences are about to Expository Writing)
2.       What are the main features of this writing?
(Expected response: It begins with a topic sentence. It answers the questions who? What? When? Where?  Why? )
3.       What is the goal of the expository writing?
(Expected response: Expository writing is a kind of writing that is used to explain, describe, provide information, or inform. The text is prepared around one topic and developed according to a design or combination of shapes.)

Activity 2

·         Brainstorm the topic of writing to generate ideas.
Explanation of the Activity:
·         Write the topic on the board and ask students to give their ideas related to the topic.
·         Give a list of topics and suggested ideas for each topic.
·         Write all the ideas in form of a web on the board.
·         Spend almost 6-7 minutes on this task, and then arrange whole class sequencing and combing of ideas.
·         Divide students in groups of 4-5 members each and ask them to discuss the topic.
·         Write the ideas in the form of a mind map.
·         Take feedback from all the groups and prepare a collective mind map.

Activity 3

(Organizing ideas)
·         Tell students to organize their ideas on the given topic with the help of the worksheet.

Explanation of the Activity

·         Students fill in the appended worksheet ‘Expository Writing graphic Organizer’ in groups.


Activity 4

(Drafting) Guide students to compose the first draft of expository writing.
Explanation of the Activity
Grade VI, VII: students will use the initial ideas. They have filled in the graphic organizer to compose their writing in groups.
Grade VIII: students can write individually using ideas they have written in the graphic organizer.

Activity 5

                   (Editing)Display the ‘Expository Writing Checklist’ to help students in writing and editing.

Sum up / Conclusion

·         Conclude the lesson by repeating all the features of expository writing.


·         Ask the students to work in groups of four to five and select any one of the following topics for writing.
1.       Explain the process of making a chapatti.
2.       Explain the process of making a cup of tea.
3.       How to get a trendy hair style.

Follow up

1.       Explain the process of making an omelet.
2.       How to make a trendy hair style.

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