Gapped Summary

Lesson Plan of Gapped Summary

English Grade IV

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Use summary skills to:
Ø  Provide the missing information in the gapped summary.

Information for Teachers

Gapped Summary

·          A summary is a compressed procedure or form of a story or a path. It clutches only the key certainties or ideas. To be able to write a well-meaning summary, you want to decide what information is pertinent for your summary consignment. To discern the various way of summarizing, we commonly dispense them into two methods, namely, Note Summary and Prose Summary
·         A summary is a shorter version of the original. Such a overview high points the key points from the much longer subject, such as the text.
·         Summary abilities need that the reader reads the all-inclusive text to first identify the key points.
·         Gapped Summary: Fill in the gaps with suitable words from the text.
·         This is one of the techniques to test reading
·         Students will be asked to read a text, and then read a summary of the same text, from which key words have been detached.  Now asked to reinstate the missing words, which can only be reinstated if they have together read and understood the key concepts of the original text.
·         A reading gap fill is one assignment; you may get in the IELTS test.
·         You have to fill in the gaps of a summary of portion of the text by words from a box.
·         There may be more words than you require using so you need to catch the part of the reading that denotes to the summary and make sure that you work out which word will fit.
·         You also want to ponder about the grammar as the word you set in the reading gap fill must acceptable grammatically as well. Here are some over-all strategies
·         A standard length of a summary is one third (1/3) of the original text. i.e. if the original text is 90 words the summary will be 30 words.
·         Summary skills require that the reader reads the entire text to first find the key points.
·         Then using own words the reader write the summary including all the key points.
·         Gapped summary has a few words missing i.e. fill in the blanks. The students should be able to insert relevant words. Give them a word bank to select words from initially.

Material / Resources

Chalks/markers, textbook, board, sample text

Worm up activity

·         Recall the lesson they studied about the summary in the previous grade. Ask the class to help you in recalling that lesson.
·         Help them in recalling key points of a summary.
·         Ask a student to volunteer to tell a summary of any recent lesson. Other students to fill in where any key point is missed.
·         You can also ask a student to briefly describe an event, for example: if the class played a match or went on a trip, one student can give a summary of it.
·         Others students can point out if he missed anything.
·         Students can also point out if he gave unnecessary details.
·         Discuss with students if they don’t agree on what is important and what is not important.
·         Tell the students that it is important to include all the key points or information in a summary and that we may use our own words to give that information but it is vital that the information is not missed out.


Activity 1

·         Write a passage from your text on the board:
Sample Text with Questions and Gapped Summary
A frog was in his garden. A rabbit came there to see him. “What a fine garden you have, Frog! He said. “Yes”, said the Frog, “It is very lovely, but it was tough work”, “I hope I had a garden” said the rabbit. “Here are some flower seeds. Flower them in the ground,” said the Frog, “and quickly you will also have a garden”. “How soon?” asked the rabbit. “Quick soon,” said the Frog. The rabbit ran home. He planted the flower seeds. “Now seeds, start growing!” said the rabbit. The rabbit walked up and down a few times. The seeds didn’t start to grow. The rabbit put his head close to the ground and said noisily, “Jump growing”. The Frog came successively up the track, “What is all this sound?” he asked. “My seeds will not grow,” said the rabbit. “You are outcry too much,” said the Frog, “these pitiable seeds are terrified to grow”. “My seeds are afraid to grow?” asked the rabbit. “Of course!” said the Frog, “Leave them alone for a few days. Let the sun shine on them, and water them daily. Soon your seeds will start growing”. The rabbit said, “I will tell the seeds a story. Then they will not be afraid”.
The rabbit stated a story to his seeds. All the next day, the rabbit narrated poems to his seeds. For many days he sustained this rehearsal.
One day the rabbit looked at the ground. The seeds still didn’t jump to grow. “What should I do?” cried the rabbit. Then the rabbit sensed very tired and fell asleep.
“Rabbit, Rabbit, wake up,” said the Frog. “Stare at your garden!”
The Rabbit observed at his garden. It was full of lovely flowers. “At last, my seeds have ongoing increasing and now I have colorful flowers in my garden,” said the Rabbit. “And now you have a nice garden too,” said the Frog. “Yes, but you were right, Frog, it was hard work,” said the Rabbit. “Hard work is the key to success”.
·         Q: Which seeds did the Frog give to the Rabbit?
1.       Flower seeds
2.       Fruit seeds
3.       Vegetable seeds
4.       Crop seeds
·         Q: What did the Rabbit do after planting the seeds?
1.       He watered them
2.       He started singing
3.       He started shouting
4.       He started laughing
·         Q: seeds were not growing because they were:
1.       Sad
2.       Afraid
3.       Hungry
4.       Happy
·         Q: What leads to success?
1.       Hard work
2.       Luck
3.       Sitting idle
4.       Making noise
Key Answers: 1. Flower seeds, 2. He watered them, 3. Afraid, 4. hard work
Gapped Summary:
·         There was one a hardworking frog, who had a beautiful_______. One day a Rabbit came to meet the Frog. Rabbit also wanted to grow pretty_______. The Frog gave him some ___and told him to go plant them. The Rabbit was very impatient and didn’t want to wait. He waited for a little while and when no plant grew him started _______. Frog told him not to do this and asked the Rabbit to wait patiently. The Rabbit listened to the advice and talked and _____ to the seeds. But nothing happened. Rabbit got really tired and went off to _____. Frog shook him up and asked him to wake up. When the Rabbit woke up he saw ____. His ______ had paid off.
Key answer: 1. Garden, 2. Garden, 3. Seeds, 4. loudly, 5. Recite a poem, 6. Asleep, 7. Nice garden, 8. His hard work
·         Ask them to read the story carefully.
·         When they are reading the text, write some MCQs on the board.
·         The MCQs must be about all the information from the story which is important.
·         After they have completed reading, ask them to answer the MCQs and write the answers in their notebooks.
·         When they are writing the answers in the notebooks, you should write the gapped summary on the board.
·         Ask them to fill the information which is missing in the gapped summary.

Sum up / Conclusion

·         Conclude the lesson by asking the class about the importance of summary.
·         Review the key points of a summary with the class.


·         Ask them to exchange their notebooks with each other and ask the class to check the work of each other.
·         Ask them to tell you if they see any problem in it.

Follow up

·         Give them another text and ask t5hem to write the summary of the text at home.

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