Students’ Learning Outcomes
· Articulate hard and soft sounds of letters ‘c’ and ‘g’.
Information for Teachers
Skill: vocabulary and pronunciation
*soft ‘c’ is pronounced ‘s’ as in cell, city, mice, citrus, cycle.
* A hard ‘c’ is pronounced ‘k’ as in clock, correct, cup, cage, class.
* A soft ‘g’ is pronounced ‘j’ as in giant, giraffe, gypsy.
* A hard ‘g’ is pronounced ‘g’ as in golf, gun, great, gum, goat.
* While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also use textbook where required.
Material / Resources
Pictures given at the end of the lesson plan starting with the letters ‘c’ and ‘g’ or the same things can be drawn on the board.
Warm up Activity :
· Ask the class: Tell the names of things that start with letter c.
· ( Answer: cap, car, cup, cow. appreciate the children who give correct answer by saying good/ very good.)
· Tell them that the sound of letter ‘c’ here is hard as it is pronounced as ‘k’.
· Name a few things that start with letter ‘g’ ( answer: giraffe, gun, gate, goat,etc.)
· Tell them that giraffe has ‘j’ sound, it is soft ‘g’.
· While in gun, gum, gate, goat is hard ‘g’.
· Show the picture card 1 to the students for soft ‘c’ sound and ask them: what can you see in the picture ? ( Answer: two mouse/rats.)
· Tell the children they are called mice when two are together.
· What can you see in the picture number 2 and 3 ( Answer: city, cylinder.
A soft ‘c’ pronounced ‘s’
A hard ‘c’ is pronounced ‘k’
A soft ‘g’ is pronounced ‘j’
A hard ‘g’ is pronounced ‘g’
Cell, city, mice, cylinder.
Clock, correct, cup, class, clap, cage, copy
Giraffe, giant, gel
Gun, grass, gate
· Ask the class to clap for the student who has given a correct answer.
· Write the words on the blackboard under the soft ‘c’ ( write the words on the board making four columns like this):
· Tell them that if the sound of the above mentioned words in first column is ‘s’ it is called the soft ‘c’.
· Where are you sitting? Answer: in the classroom.
· Tell the students that the ‘k’ sound is called a hard ‘c’.
· Take a cap, cup, clock,copy and cat in the class or the picture cards to the class and ask them: What are these things called ? Answer: cat, cup, cap, clock, copy. Appreciate them by asking to clap for correct answers given by the students.
· Show the class a picture of a giraffe/giant/gel. Ask them “What is it”? When they answer, write it in column 3.
· Tell the students that the sopund ‘j’ is called a soft ‘g’.
· Show plastic gun or the picture of gun and ask them: “what is it”? When they answer, write the word in column 4. Tell the students that the ‘g’ sound is a hard ‘g’.
· A soft ‘c’ is pronounced ‘s’; A hard ‘c’ is pronounced like ‘k’.
· A soft ‘g’ is pronounced ‘j’; A hard ‘g’ is pronounced like ‘g’.
· Read the words written on the blackboard aloud.
· Correct the students if they pronounce it wrongly.
· Students will work in pairs and read the words written on the blackboard from the previous activity. They can give more words with the same sounds.
· Ask them to identify if the word has soft sound of letters ‘c’ and ‘g’ or hard sound of letters ‘c’ and ‘g’.
· Ask the students to draw the four columns from activity 1 in their notebook and note all the responses.
· Ask the questions:
Name a few things that start with soft ‘c’.
Answer: cell, city, cyle, cylinder.
Name a few things that start with hard ‘c’.
Answer: call, clock, cup, cage, class.
Name a few things that start with soft ‘g’.
Answer: giant, giraffe, gypsy.
Name a few things that start with hard ‘g’.
Answer; golf, gun, great, gum, goat, grass.
· Involve the students in solving the problems given in the exercise at end of unit/chaqpter.
· Paste pictures or draw two things that start with soft ‘c’ and ‘g’ or hard ‘c’ and ‘g’.
( soft ‘c’)cell, city; ( hard ‘c’): cup, cap, cream, clock, cage, class.
( soft ‘g’) giant, giraffe, ( hard ‘g’) goat, golf, gun.
Picture cards for activity 1