Students’ Learning Outcomes
· Demonstrate the use of be, do and have as main and helping verbs in sentences.
Information for Teachers
· Helping verbs help the main verb describe action that happened in the past, is happening in the present, or will happen in the future.
· Main verbs have meaning on their own (unlike helping verbs). There are thousands of main verbs. Such like: watch, clean, see, run, speaks, divide, collect, copy, construct, etc.
· Helping verbs are also called “auxiliary verbs”. We usually use helping verbs with main verbs. They “help” the main verb (which has the real meaning).
· Helping verbs (‘auxiliary verbs’) have no meaning on their own
· Helping Verbs. Helping verbs perform other specific tasks to further modify the action or meaning of the main verb.
· A helping verb helps us know when the action of verb happened. It tells the tense of the verb.
· Some sentences have more than one verb. They have a main verb-the verb that shows the main action or state of being. They also have a helping verb.
· A helping verb always comes before the main verb in a sentence.
(For example: I am reading my favorite novel. (Am helping verb, reading main verb)
· The verb be, have, and do can be used as main verbs or as the helping/auxiliary verb.
· The verb be used as a helping verb to make continuous tenses.
(For example: He is watching cartoons. (Is as the helping verb, watching as the main verb)
· The verb have is used as a helping verb to make perfect tenses.
(For example: I have finished my class work. (Have as the helping verb, finished as the main verb)
· The verb do is used as a helping verb to ask questions, make negatives and to make emphasis
o For example: Do you sleep early at night? (Do as the helping verb, sleep as the main verb)
o She doesn’t drink coffee. (Does as the helping verb, drink as the main verb. The word “not” is not part of the verb)
o I do sleep early. (do as the helping verb, sleep as the main verb)
· Time allocation is flexible and can change as per need of the activity.
· This lesson must be practiced in another lesson till students understand the concept.
Material / Resources
Chalk/marker, board, textbook
Worm up activity
· Note: The students studied the use of verbs be, done and have as helping and main verbs in the previous grades.
o Write a sentence on the board and ask students to identify the verb in it. E.g. she is walking on the road.
o If students identify both verbs (is, walking), praise them. If they give only one verb, tell them that there are two verbs in the sentence.
· Underline the verbs as students say them. Tell the students that one verb is the helping verb and one verb is the main verb in the sentence. Ask students to identify them.
· Praise the students if they identify the helping verb (is) and the main verb (walking).
· Re-teach them briefly about helping verbs and main verbs if they didn’t identify correctly.
· Reinforce that am, is, does are used for singular nouns, had can be used for both singular and plural, were, have, do, did are used for plural nouns. Tell the students about the exceptions for ‘I’ and ‘you’
· Ask students to take out their textbooks.
· Read aloud a sentence from the textbook in which verb be, do or have is used as a main verb. Ask one of the students to identify whether the verb is used as a main verb or a helping verb.
· Praise the students if he/she gives correct response. If the student did not give correct response. Ask another student to explain to him why his/her response was not correct.
· Re-ask the first student to look in the book and read another example.
· Ask different students to give examples of the sentences and tell whether the verbs am, is, was, were, have, has, had, do, done, did are used as main or helping verbs.
· Do the activity as long as time allows.
· Write am, is, are, was, were, have, has, had, do, does, did on the board.
· Ask the students to take out their notebooks.
· Tell the students to make one sentence using each verb as a helping verb.
· Students may have problem using do, did, does as helping verbs. You can write one example on the board if they need help. E.g. please do come to the wedding. He does cleaning. She did count the eggs.
· Give the students some verbs to use as main verbs with am, is, are, was, were, have, has, had, do, does, did. Do this only if students have difficulty thinking verbs.
· Move around to monitor students are working. Provide help to the students where and when need.
· Some students learn fast than others and their work quickly. Make such students help the students who are slow learners.
· Students learn better from peers, but keep an eye on them to ensure they are working together.
Sum up / Conclusion
· Sum up the lesson by asking students would they be able to recognize be, do, and have verbs as main or helping verbs where ever they read or hear in their school book, story books, magazines, television.
· Assess students’ understanding of helping and main verbs through their correct responses during worm up activity.
· Assess students’ ability to identify and distinguish between be, do and have as main and helping verbs during the activity 1.
· Assess students’ ability to make simple sentences with be, have and do as main and helping verbs through the activity 2 and follow up.
· Arrange a written test after few days to further assess students’ ability to use verbs be, have and do as main and helping verbs.
· Give students five verbs am, is, are, was, were, have, had, did and ask them to make sentences using them as main verbs.