Lesson Plan of Imperative: Requests and Commands
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Use and physically respond to simple sentences showing request and command.
Information for Teachers
- Imperative are verbs used to give commands and requests.
- Command is made by a person who has authority (such as teacher, mother, father, grandparents etc.
- Request is a polite way of asking people to do things you want them to do.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, flashcards, textbook
- Say the following sentences to the students when you go inside the class:
- Stand up.
- Sit down please.
- Please raise your hand.
- Don`t go out alone.
- Ask them which one of these are requests and which one of these are commands. And why?
- Tell them that request is a polite way of asking people to do things you want them to do. E.g. if you are talking to your teacher/mother/father/an elder, you will make a request.
- Note: you can write these commands/requests on the board to make it clearer or can prepare flashcards (with requests and commands written on them) for this activity.
- Divide the class into groups of 4-5.
- Write the given sentences on the flashcards and give them in groups.
- Then ask them to read aloud their sentence and tell whether it is a request or command.
- Paste these flashcards in the class to aid students` learning.
- Tell the students they will be playing a game in the class.
- Tell them one of the students will give commands and one student will have to change it into a request by adding please to it. E.g.
- Take out your copies.
- Raise your hand.
- Stick out your tongue.
- Put your hand on your head.
- Close your eyes, etc.
Teacher: pick up the book.
Student: please pick up the book. (and does the action)
- Divide the class into pairs.
- Give each pair one of the following roles.
- Ask them to perform a role play.
- Tell them that one student will make a request and the other will give a command.
- Give them 10 minutes to prepare and 1 minute to perform for each pair (according to their roles).
- Father and Son: father to son (command) son to father (request)
- Mother and Daughter: Mother to daughter (command) daughter to mother (request)
- Teacher and Student: Teacher to student (command) student to teacher(request)
- Elderly neighbor and a child: Elderly neighbor to child (command) child to neighbor (request)
Sum up / Conclusion
- Revise the concept of request and command by asking students to give examples of each.
- Ask the students the following questions:
- Why do we make requests?
- Who gives commands?
- Which has polite tone; request for command?
- Ask the students to tell which of the following a request/command is.
- Give me my pen. (command)
- Please, sit on the chair.(request)
- Do your work. (Command)
- Pass the plate, please.(request)
- The answers are given in brackets for teachers` convenience.
- Now ask them to turn a request into a command and a command into a request.
- Ask the students to request their mother/father to give them a sweet/balloon. Tell them to use the word ‘please’.