Introduction of Human Bones

Lesson Plan of Introduction of Human Body (Bones)

General Science Grade IV

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Identify major parts (Bones) of human body.
·         State functions of major parts (Bones) of the body.

Information for Teachers

·         Bones are hard structures of our body. A baby has about 300 bones at birth. These bones fuse to form 206 bones in adult. Bones protect our internal soft organs and also help us to move.
Introduction of Human Bones

     Bone stores crucial nutrients, minerals, and lipids and produces blood cells that  nourish the body and play a vital role in protecting the body against infection. All these functions make the approximately 206 bones of the human body an organ that is essential to our daily existence                                    Material/ Resources

            Charts of human Bones, textbook

Worm up Activity

·         Ask the students if they can name different parts of their bicycle. Write students’ responses on the board.
·         Tell the students that as the bicycle has many parts, our body is also made of many parts. These parts are called organs.
·         Ask the students to name all the organs of body which they can see and touch. Write students’ responses on board.
·         Make them focus that these are the external parts of their body e.g. ear, eye, teeth, and skin.
·         Explain that like these external parts there are some parts inside the body which also perform variety of functions.



·         Introduce bone as a hard structure and ask students to identify different bones in their bodies by touching themselves.
·         Tell students about the importance of bones in our body.
·         Use the following (or similar) chart for the teaching and assess students’ understanding by asking different questions. If chart is not available, ask them to see the diagram given in book.

Sum up / Conclusion

·         Bones are hard structures that protect our internal organs and also help us to move.


·         Draw following table on the board.
·         Instruct the students how to fill the table.
·         They will explain their understanding by completing the table
 Organ name

Follow up

·         Ask each student to choose one of the organs taught in this lesson. All students will make drawings of the chosen organs. They will also write the function of the organ.

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