We use different kinds of sentences to express different kinds of thoughts. We state something, give orders or advice or make requests, ask questions or express our strong feelings, wishes or prayers so, a sentence may be in the form of a statement, a command, a question, an exclamation or a wish. As such, there are six main kinds of sentences which help us to express our thoughts and feelings:


Now see the following chart:

Kinds of sentences














Salma is a cute girl.

Is she going to market?

Shut the door.

Please, sit down.

May you live long.

May you be happy.

Hurrah! They have won the match

He did speak the truth









Expresses something forcibly & Clearly

 Note- in English each type of sentences and the first line in case of a poem, start with Capital letter. it is important to remember that the Assertive, Imperative, and Optative sentences end up with a full stop[.] where the interrogative sentences with a note of interrogative [?] and the Exclamatory sentences with a note of Exclamatory [!] .



 A. Assertive / Declarative:

 (i) Giving information / Reporting

(ii) Narrating

(iii) Describing

(iv) Defining

(v) Hesitating / Giving opinion–not confidently

(vi) Classifying

(vii) Illustrating / Exemplifying

(viii) Stating cause

(ix) Describing a process

(x) Denying a fact

(xi) Asserting a fact

(xii) Expressing a obligation

(xiii) Supposing / Guessing

(xiv) Comparing

(xv) Contradicting

(xvi) Apologizing / confessing

(xvii) Expressing ability

(xviii) Expressing  possibility

(xix) Giving permission

(xx) Appealing

B. Interrogative Sentences:

( i ) Asking for information / Asking reason / interrogative ? Inquiring

( ii ) Asserting a fact

(iii) Asking for an opinion

(iv) Asking for permission

(v) Requesting

(vi) Challenging

(vii) Expressing a doubt

(viii) Confirming a doubt

C. Imperative Sentences: 

( i ) Ordering / Commanding 

( ii ) Requesting 

( iii) Advising 

(iv) Suggesting / proposing 

(v) Instructing 

(vi )Warning  

(vii) Threatening

(viii) Permitting

( ix) Prohibiting 

( x) Reminding    

D. Optative Sentences : 

 ( i ) Wishing / Desiring 

(ii)   Praying 


E. Exclamatory: 

 ( i ) Expressing joy.

( ii ) Expressing Sorrows 

( iii ) Expressing Wonder.

(iv) Expressing Pity. 

( v ) Expressing Disgust.

( vi ) Encouraging. 

( vii) Greeting.

( viii) Farewell.  

F. Emphatic 

 ( i ) Expresses something Forcibly & Clearly

(i) The 43 branch bridge was inaugurated on December, 20 in 2020.

(ii)He said that Mr. Aslam died at Karachi.

(iii)There are rows of mango trees on both sides of the road.

(iv)  Fables are short tales, usually with animal character in them, and always with a moral.

(v) I don`t know what exactly he or she is.

(vi) Food substances may be classified into two broad group– organic food end inorganic food.

(vii) some of the best Science Fiction writers are : H. G. Wells, Jules Verne, And Arthur C. Clarke.

(viii) his hard labor placed him in the high position.

(ix) the preparation of butter goes through a number of steps.

(x) No, I`m all right.

(xi) Yes, sir, I am a book binder.

(xii) I must go home now.

(xiii) If he comes, he may receive a hearty welcome.

(xiv) He is a cunning as a fox.

(xv) The ruby is redder that a rose.

(xvi) I don`t worry but I can`t keep from thinking.

(xvii) I beg your pardon, I have hurt your feelings.

(xviii) I can do the sum easily.

(xix) He may come here today.

 (xx) I pray to your kind self for granting me three days` sick leave.

( i ) What is the distance of Lahore from Karachi?

 Why did you not go to college yesterday?

Who doesn`t want to be free?

( ii ) That was really a bit of fun, was n`t it?

(iii) May I have your opinion on the novel?

(iv) May I come in, sir?

(v) Could you please tell me your name?

(vi) Who dares to defy me?

(vii) Who knows when the country will be free corruption?

(viii) The science you have learnt is more or less the result of self-teaching, is n`t it, Mr. Ghori?

( i ) Get out at once.

( ii ) please give me a glass of water.

(iii) Don`t give up hope, Mr. Ali. Move up.

(iv)  Let`s sit down here and talk the issue over.

(v) To improve your English read as much as you can.

(vi) Be quiet, or I`ll punish you.

(vii) Get out, or I`ll break your nose.

(viii) Go where ever you like but come back before evening.

(ix) Don`t leave the place without permission.

(x) Kindly remember the date and time of our meeting.

( i ) Wish you good luck.

( ii ) May God bless you.

( i ) Hurrah! We have won our cricket match.

( ii ) Alas! The man is dead.

( iii) What a nice bird it is!

(iv) Poor fellow! How changed you are.

(v) How shabby the statue is!

( vi) Bravo! You have saved a nice goal.

(vii) Hello! How nice to meet you after years.

(viii) Goodbye! / Goodnight! Hope we`ll meet you again.

( i ) He did speak the truth.

I will help him. They shall come here.

Leave a Comment