Lesson Plan of Modal Verb: Can-Can`t

Lesson Plan of Modal Verb: Can-Can`t

Subject English

Grade II

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Recognize and use the doing words can/can`t to show ability or inability.

Information for Teachers

  • ‘Can’ shows ability` to do something.
  • ‘Can`t’ shows disability to do something.

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, chart paper with different activities, flashcards, text/other print resources


  • Write the words ‘can’ and ‘can`t’ on the board.
  • Tell the students that the word ‘can’ is used to express things one is able to do and ‘can`’ is used to express things one isn`t able to do.
  • Recap action verbs and ask the students to give you words from their everyday life.
  • Tell them that you will say a word and they will have to tell if they can do it or not. For example:
      • Run (students can say: I can run.)
      • Smile, laugh (Students can say: I can smile/laugh.
      • Fly (students can say: I can`t fly).
      • Jump (Students can say: I can jump).
  • Act out the actions with the students to engage the class in the activity. You can make the activity more interesting by saying funny things such as:
      • Stand on one leg.
      • Stick out your tongue.
      • Touch your nose with your tongue.
      • Touch the fan.
      • Touch the stars/clouds etc.


Activity 1

  • Give a word bank of simple actions words to the students (use the sample given)
  • Write these words on the board.

Model Verb Can/Can`t

  • Ask students to make two columns, one with caption ‘I can’ and the other with caption ‘I can`t’.
  • Ask them to write the actions which they can do under the heading ‘I can’ and the actions which they can`t do under the heading ‘I can`t’.
  • Take oral feedback from the class.

Activity 2

  • Write some sample sentences on the board, for example:
      • I can write neatly.
      • I can`t jump.
  • Now tell the students to write in their own sentences what they can do and what they can`t. tell them to write two-three sentences for each.

Sum up / Conclusion

  • Ask the students to name a few things they can do now at this age that they were not able to do when they were very young. Encourage students to reply in complete sentences.
  • Ask students the following question:
  • Which word is used to express things one is able to do, can or can`t?


  • Assess students understanding on their responses during the activities.

Follow up

  • Ask the students to write down one household activity they can do and one they can`t.
  • Assess students` understanding of the concept, on the responses given in activity 1,2 and questions answered in sum-up/conclusion.
  • Ask students to ask each other to do sample activities e.g. laugh, one student asks the other “can you laugh?” The other students` replies: “yes, I can/can`t.”
  • Ask students the can/can`t questions after teaching them anything new in any subject. For example in math, you can ask them, “can you count from 1-20?”

Leave a Comment