Lesson Plan of Modal Verb: Can-Can`t
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Recognize and use the doing words can/can`t to show ability or inability.
Information for Teachers
- ‘Can’ shows ability` to do something.
- ‘Can`t’ shows disability to do something.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, chart paper with different activities, flashcards, text/other print resources
- Write the words ‘can’ and ‘can`t’ on the board.
- Tell the students that the word ‘can’ is used to express things one is able to do and ‘can`’ is used to express things one isn`t able to do.
- Recap action verbs and ask the students to give you words from their everyday life.
- Tell them that you will say a word and they will have to tell if they can do it or not. For example:
- Run (students can say: I can run.)
- Smile, laugh (Students can say: I can smile/laugh.
- Fly (students can say: I can`t fly).
- Jump (Students can say: I can jump).
- Act out the actions with the students to engage the class in the activity. You can make the activity more interesting by saying funny things such as:
- Stand on one leg.
- Stick out your tongue.
- Touch your nose with your tongue.
- Touch the fan.
- Touch the stars/clouds etc.
- Give a word bank of simple actions words to the students (use the sample given)
- Write these words on the board.
- Ask students to make two columns, one with caption ‘I can’ and the other with caption ‘I can`t’.
- Ask them to write the actions which they can do under the heading ‘I can’ and the actions which they can`t do under the heading ‘I can`t’.
- Take oral feedback from the class.
- Write some sample sentences on the board, for example:
- I can write neatly.
- I can`t jump.
- Now tell the students to write in their own sentences what they can do and what they can`t. tell them to write two-three sentences for each.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Ask the students to name a few things they can do now at this age that they were not able to do when they were very young. Encourage students to reply in complete sentences.
- Ask students the following question:
- Which word is used to express things one is able to do, can or can`t?
- Assess students understanding on their responses during the activities.
- Ask the students to write down one household activity they can do and one they can`t.
- Assess students` understanding of the concept, on the responses given in activity 1,2 and questions answered in sum-up/conclusion.
- Ask students to ask each other to do sample activities e.g. laugh, one student asks the other “can you laugh?” The other students` replies: “yes, I can/can`t.”
- Ask students the can/can`t questions after teaching them anything new in any subject. For example in math, you can ask them, “can you count from 1-20?”