Lesson Plan of Naming Words
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Read aloud words with reasonable level of accuracy in pronunciation.
- Point out/name some common objects in a picture or a photograph.
- Say one or more sentences about them.
- Recall and match common naming words with pictures from immediate environment.
- First trace copy and take dictation of familiar words learnt in class.
- Recognize English words commonly used in Urdu/other local languages from immediate surroundings.
Information for Teachers
- A lot of English words are used in Urdu and other languages. Many languages ‘borrow words’ from English. Urdu and our local languages also borrow words from English. Some such words are in the ‘word bank’ below:
- You can make the lesson interesting by bringing real objects to the class to show to the students. You can also show them pictures but the students will be more engaged if you bring real objects in the class such as toys, fruits and vegetables etc.
- Remember that the students are learning a new language and don’t know new words or the correct pronunciation. Gently correct them if they make a mistake. Don`t snub them. Gently repeat the correct word so that student may learn without feeling embarrassed.
- Remember that English pronunciation is tricky. Help students with pronunciation when you teach diagraphs and trigraphs and vowel/consonant sounds. Remind them about these when you teach new words.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, charts with different activities, flashcards, pictures (from old magazines / newspapers, storybooks or textbook) real objects such as plastic animals, cars and other toys, fruits, vegetables, etc.
- Tell the class they will be naming some things in English. Tell them not to worry as they already know and use a lot of English words without knowing it.
- Write ‘common English words’ on the board and ask the students to add some more examples.
- Help the students by giving a few examples if needed.
- You can show them some objects (common objects such as pen, pencil, copy, rubber, table, or point to common objects such as light etc.,) or write the names of common English words used daily on the board such as book, pen, cake, line, glass, car etc. (Take help from the word bank given in ‘information for Teachers’).
- Take ideas from students and help them where needed.
- Bring some pictures to class from an old magazines or newspaper (you can make flashcards or a cart with the pictures). You can also show them some pictures from the textbook. You can also ask students to bring pictures (if they can).
- Ask them to name some objects from the pictures. Point at some objects in the picture and ask the students: What is this?
- Encourage students to answer in complete sentences. for example:
- This is a cup.
- This is a cat.
- Gently correct students if they give the wrong answer. Correct their pronunciation errors, if and when required.
- Show the things in the surroundings to the students in the classroom or in the school. Ask the students to look around and tell the name of things they see from their surroundings such as; tree, bird, chair, shirt, sky, etc.
- Ask the names of these things. Students may tell the names in their mother tongue. Don`t correct them first. Then tell the names in English. Repeat the names many times.
- Write the names of the things on the board.
- Ask the students to read them out loud. Correct the pronunciation of students, if required.
- This activity can also be done with the help of flashcards. Prepare the picture flash cards of things whose names you want to teach to your students.
- Show a picture flashcards to the students and ask its name. if the students answer in their mother tongue, don`t correct them first. Then tell the names in English. Repeat the names many times.
- Write the words on the board and ask the students to read them aloud.
- Help the students where required.
- Prepare picture as well as word flashcards of all the objects you want to teach students.
- Give picture flashcards to one group of students and word flashcards to the other group of students.
- One member from one group will read the name and the member in the other group having the picture will come out with the picture and say the name aloud. Then all the students will say the home aloud.
- Ideas for flashcards are given below:
- Prepare a worksheet with names of object in one column and pictures in the other column. Ask the students to say the name of the object in the picture aloud and join the picture with the word. Sample worksheet is given. You can draw it on the board or give copies of the worksheet to the students.
- Ask the students to read aloud the words.
- Correct them if they pronounce the word wrong.
- Divide the class into groups of five. Give each group a picture showing different objects (taken from an old newspaper, children`s magazines or a storybook, if no picture is available, use pictures from the textbook.)
- Ask the students to name some objects in the picture (at least three to four).
- Ask them to describe the picture or give their opinion on the things in the picture.
- Move around in the class to see if the students need help.
- Ask the group to come up one by one and show the picture to the class and point out the objects in the picture. Tell them to say some sentences about the objects.
- All students in the group should take turns to speak.
Sum up / Conclusion
- Conclude the lesson by asking students some common naming words from English language that are used in Urdu.
- Write a few naming words on the board and ask 4-5 students to make sentences using these words.
- Give students dictation of new words learnt during this lesson. Help them learn the spelling before you take the dictation. Remind them about vowel sounds, (digraphs and trigraphs) when learning spelling.
- Assesses the students on their oral responses in different activities.
- Ask students to write the names of at least five English words that are the same in Urdu. (Borrowed words).
- Give dictation test of the new words learnt in class so that students may learn them.