Narrative Paragraph in English

Lesson Plan of Narrative Paragraph

English Grade IV

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Write a simple narrative paragraph.

Information for Teachers

·         Paragraph is an elementary unit of prose. It is generally composed of numerous sentences that together improve one central idea. The main sentence in a paragraph is called the subject sentence.
·         There are four kinds of paragraphs that you want to know about: imaginative, chronicle, expository, and convincing.
·         Narrative paragraphs are a lot of exciting to write. Here you can tell your reader a story from start to end. You don’t have to visualize anything out of the normal – only tell the story, tell what occurred.
·         A narrative paragraph tells the story of an incident, providing the related details of when and where the event happened as well as who was comprised and what emerged. The paragraph pronounces either a definite event or an imaginary one that the writer generates.
·         A narrative paragraph often tells a story. It has events told in proper order. It has actions, characters, a setting and a problem to solve.
·         Narrative paragraph: Tells a story about a series of events. Tells how to do somewhat in step by step way.
Elements of Narrative Paragraph:
·         It tells a story covering 5 Ws (What, When, Where, Who, How)
·         What & How: plot of the story (Beginning, middle and end)
·         Where: time in which story is set/happening.
·         Who: characters.
·         A narrative paragraph tells what happened.
·         It is ordered by time in which the events occur in a sequence. It is similar to writing an anecdote.
Ø  When you write a narrative you may use inverted commas (speech marks).
Ø  You also use transition words to show the time of events e.g. first, second, third, later, then, after, at noon, soon, next, again, immediately etc.
Ø  A paragraph has a main sentence and then its explanation.
Ø  When we write we must put all sentences about one thing or idea together in a paragraph i.e. every paragraph talks about just one thing in detail.
·        Topic sentence:
·         It is the main sentence or idea around which the development of the paragraph takes place.
·         All the paragraphs have an idea, the whole paragraph moves around the information related to that idea only.
·         During discussion revise the idea of topic sentence or title sentence around which each paragraph develops.

Material / Resources

Cut outs of narrative paragraphs from magazines, worksheet chart, and chart of transition words to show time (words are given above, you can add more depending upon the vocabulary level of the students), chalk/marker, board, charts

Worm up activity

·         Paste the following worksheet chart on the board:
    The time I tried painting
One day I didn’t have anything special to do. Immediately, I took some paints, paper and a few brushes from the drawer of my cupboard. Firstly, I drew the picture of a tree on the paper. Then, I started to paint it. When I tried to erase my mistake on the paper, all the green and brown paint spread badly and made the paper dirty. I tried it again on a new piece of paper. I was successful the second time.
·         Ask a student to read the paragraph.
·         Ask the students to identify the transition words in the paragraph one by one.
·         Underline all such words.
·         Don’t correct the students.
·         Ask their class fellows to give the correct answers.


Activity 1

·         Write an interesting beginning sentence with the students on the board. E.g 
Once I saw the strangest thing   
My first day at the school was not exciting.
·         Brainstorming for ideas to add details and continue writing after the first sentence which is the main sentence.
·         Students must give ideas based on the following questions:
Ø  Which sentences tell what happened?
Ø  Which sentences tell your feelings and thoughts?
·         Write all the ideas on the board in form of a mind map. (put the main sentence in the middle in a circle and write ideas about the questions around the circle)
·         Divide the class in pairs.
·         All the students write small narrative paragraph of about 6-7 sentences to tell what happened and what they felt or thought taking help from the ideas written on the board.
·         Remind the students 0f the structure of the paragraph – the main sentence, the body (details/related ideas) and the end/ conclusion.
·         Ask the students to use pronouns and transitional devices to show time, and inverted commas if dialogues have been used.

Sum up / Conclusion

·         Ask the students to name the parts of a paragraph.
·         Ask them: what details must be added in paragraph?
·         What is a narrative writing/paragraph?
·         Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook.
·         Students must do this exercise in the notebook or textbook.


·         Once the students have done writing, ask them to check each other’s’ work for correct spellings, vocabulary, capitalization and punctuation.
·         Monitor and help the students.
·         Once they are done with peer checking, ask them to write the second draft in the light of the feedback given by their peers.
·         Give the students a picture or an opening line of the narrative paragraph.
·         Ask them to write simple narrative paragraph using all the elements of the narrative paragraph.

Follow up

·         Ask the students to write a narrative paragraph about something interesting that happened recently.
·         Ask the students to cut and paste a picture/newspaper cutting.
·         Write 6- 7 sentences related to the picture in a narrative paragraph type.

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