Narrative Paragraphs


  Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Write simple, descriptive, narrative and expository paragraphs.

      Information for Teachers

 Narrative Paragraph

·       A narrative paragraph often tells a story.
·       It has events told in proper order.
·       It has actions, characters, a setting and a problem to solve.

Elements of Narrative Paragraph:

·        It tells a story covering 5 Ws   what, when, where, who, how.
·         What & how:  plot of the story (beginning, middle and end)
·         Where: scene and setting.
·         When: time in which story is set/ happening.
·         Who: characters.
·         Narration is a story that is written to explain what, when, and who did something.
·         Narrative paragraphs are usually written in chronological order/ sequence.
·         Words like soon, later, then after should be used to show the timing of action.

Topic sentence:

·         It is the main sentence or idea around which the development of the paragraph takes place. All paragraphs have an idea, the whole paragraph moves around the information related to that idea only.
·         While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps where and when applicable.

                                             Material / Resources

                                      Board, chalk / marker, worksheet, charts, textbook, etc.


               Activity 1

     (Whole class interaction)

·         Brainstorm to find a topic that will be of interest to the class e.g. kittens, rabbits,etc.
·         Ask the students what they know about the topic.
·         Ask them to make a story on the topic.
·         Write down these words/ ideas on the black board.
·         Remind them that a narrative or a story has to have a problem that is then solved at the end 9sometimes it is not solved).
·         Think of a problem: what if your kitten got lost or locked up in a cupboard, by mistake?
·         How would the kitten feel?
·         Who would rescue the kitten? Or will she find a solution to her problem herself?
·         Write down the topic sentence which express the main idea.
·         Add 3 more sentences using the information noted on the black board (the ideas given by the students)
·         Use translation devices (then, after, later, as soon as etc.) to show the order in which the events occurred.
·         Write a sentence that would sum up the idea.


Rabbits: cute, white, running, hiding, many, red eyes, like balls of snow, many babies, took care.
·         The students can construct a paragraphs based on this topic sentence.
Topic Sentence:

·         Once I had a rabbit:  

·         All students to develop a sentence in pairs to show the progression.
       A sample is given below:
·         I found it in my backyard one day. I called him Snowy because he was like a ball of snow. I took good care of it,  Snowy was always digging holes in our lawn. So then my parents told me to leave it in a forest so our lawn could be saved. I still miss my cute little rabbit!
·         Teacher must write the definition of the narrative paragraph on the board.
·         Ask the students to copy the definition in their notebooks with the examples.

Activity 2

·         Inform the students: A narrative paragraphs, has events.
·         Divide the class in groups of 4 – 5 students.
·         Assign a difficult topic to each group from those suggested by the class and noted on the black board.
·         Ask the groups to write a narrative paragraph on the demonstrated pattern, with each member contributing one sentence.
·         Ask the groups to share their work with the whole class, by one member reading out the group’s paragraph loudly.

                              Sum Up / Conclusion

·         Ask the students to read out their paragraphs.

·         Ask the students what a narrative paragraph is?
·         They should be able to talk about the contents of the paragraph, besides the structure.
·         Find the exercise related to the topic in the text book. Students must do this exercise in the note book or on the text book.


·         This should be done through students’ responses and written work.
·         Through students’ oral feedback and written work, determine whether they have been able to understand narrative paragraph.

                                       Follow Up

·         Create a class story book by putting together students’ stories inside a folder.
·         Present this book to the school principal and keep it in the school library, or share it with other classes.
·         Give the book a title such as ‘Storytime with Class 3’.
·         Write a narrative paragraph on ‘ My last Birth day’.           



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