Lesson Plan of Narrative paragraphs

Students` Learning Outcomes

  • Write simple, descriptive, narrative and expository paragraph’s

Information for Teachers

Narrative paragraph

  • A narrative paragraph often tells a story. It has events told in proper order. It has actions, characters, a setting and a problem to solve.

Elements of Narrative paragraph:

  • It tells a story covering 5 WH, what, when, where, who, how.
  • What & How: plot of the story (beginning, middle and setting)
  • Where: scene and setting.
  • When: time in which story is set/happening.
  • Who: characters
  • Narration is a story that is written to explain what, when, and who did something.
  • Narrative paragraphs are usually written in chronological order/sequence.
  • Words like soon, later, then, after should be used to show the timing of the action.
  • Topic Sentence: It is the main sentence or idea around which the development of the paragraph takes place.
  • All paragraphs have an idea, the whole paragraph moves around the information related to that idea only.
  • While the teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps where and when applicable.

Material / Resources

Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, worksheet, charts, textbook

  • Ask the students if they have ever heard stories from their grandmothers or anyone else.
  • Ask for their comments e.g. what was so enjoyable about those stories?
  • Relate this experience to the current lesson of narrative writing, saying that the story is a long narrative.


(Whole class interaction)

  • Brainstorming to find a topic that will be of interest to the class e.g. kittens, rabbits etc.

  • Ask the students what they know about the topic.
  • Ask them to make a story on the topic.
  • Write down these words/ideas on the writing board.
  • Remind them that a narrative or a story has to have a problem that is then solved at the end (sometimes it isn`t solved).
  • Think of a problem: What if your kitten got lost or locked up in a cupboard, by mistake?
    • How would the kitten feel?
    • Who would rescue the kitten? Or will she find a solution to her problem herself?
  • Write down the topic sentence which expresses the main idea.
  • Add 3 more sentences using the information noted on the writing board (The ideas given by the students)
  • Use transition device (then, after, later, as soon as, etc.) to show the order in which the events occurred.
  • Write a sentence that would sum up the idea.
  • Sample: rabbits, cute, white, running, hiding, many, red eyed, like balls of snow, many babies, took care.
  • The students can construct a paragraph based on this topic sentence.

Topic Sentence: Once I had a rabbit.  

Narrative Paragraph

  • Allow students to develop a sentence in pairs to show the progression.
  • A sample is given below:

Details: I found it in my backyard one day. I called him Snowy because he was like a ball of snow. I took good care of it. Snowy was always digging holes in our lawn. So then my parents told me to leave it in a forest so our lawn could be saved. I still miss my cute little rabbit!

  • Teacher must write the definition of the narrative paragraph on the board.
  • Ask the students to copy the definition in their note books with examples.

Activity 2

  • Inform the students: A narrative paragraphs, has events.
  • Divide the class in groups of 4-5 students.
  • Assign a different topic to each group from those suggested by the class and noted on the board.
  • Ask the groups to write a narrative paragraph on the demonstrated pattern, with each member contributing one sentence.
  • Ask the groups to share their work with the whole class, by one member reading out the group`s paragraph loudly.
Sum up / Conclusion
  • Ask the students to read out their paragraphs.
  • Ask the students what a narrative paragraph is?
  • They should be able to talk about the contents of the paragraph, besides the structure.
  • Find the exercise related to the topic in the textbook. Students must do this exercise in the notebook or on the textbook.
  • This should be done through students` responses and written work.
  • Through students` oral feedback and written work, determine whether they have been able to understand narrative paragraph.
Follow up
  • Create a class story book by putting together students` stories inside a folder
  • Present this book to the school principal and keep it in the school library, or share it with other classes.
  • Give the book a title such as ‘Store time with class 3’.
  • Write a narrative paragraph on ‘My Last Birthday’.

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