Students` Learning Outcomes
- Express likes.
- Express feelings.
- Express enjoyment while playing.
- Use appropriate body language for different communicative functions.
- Exchange basic routine greetings.
- Articulate, recognize and use some formulaic expressions to offer and respond to basic routine greetings.
- Introduce themselves and others.
- Introduce self and talk about family.
Information for Teachers
- Provide phrases for students to learn and practice, while teaching them greetings and good manners. However, give them multiple options, for example the response to ‘How are you?’ may be ‘I am fine’, or ‘Great’, or ‘I am good’.
- Create opportunities for students to have real conversations with each other, not just role plays in class. This will help develop interpersonal skills.
Material / Resources
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, flashcards of sad, lazy, surprised, shy, angry, happy
- Tell the class that they are going to speak to each other in English like grownups or you may say something else that makes them feel that they are doing something very important and special.
- Prepare flashcards of different feelings. You can use any of the simple drawings given below:
- Display these cards on the board.
- Take your turn first and tell them how you are feeling today and why. For example: “I am feeling sad today because I have lost my ring”.
- Ask different students how they are feeling today. Ask them to give answers in complete sentences.
- Ensure that students listen to each other with respect.
- Now divide the class in groups of 5 and give each group two flashcards/pieces of paper, with different feelings written on them for example: happy, sad, angry, hungry, etc.
- Tell them they will have to say and act out the feelings written on the card/paper.
- Now ask one student from each group to come up and tell how he/she is feeling with expressions.
- Repeat this activity with all the groups.
- Greet students every morning with a lively tone. Say Assalam-o-Alikum as well as Good Morning.
- Make eye contact with them, and encourage them to look at you directly when they reply.
- Tell them that when talking to someone, it is polite to pay attention and make eye contact.
- Tell them that when you meet someone, you ask him/her: “how are you?’
- Get different responses to “How are you?” such as ‘I am great!’, ‘I am fine, thank you’, ‘I am good’, etc.
- Tell students that they can respond to ‘How are you?’ with the above phrases in a formal situation, and they can also respond with what they did in activity 1. For example they may say ‘I am feeling lazy today’, or ‘I am very happy’, or I’m feeling sad today’.
- Ask students about the greetings they use/exchange as they leave the house.
- Model saying Bye or Khuda Hafiz at the end of the day or at the end of class. Say it cheerfully while making eye contact with the students.
- Encourage them to use this greeting with each other at home-time.
- Tell them what they can say when they go to meet someone. Such as: you have a very nice house, your garden is pretty, you are looking very nice, I hope you are fine etc.
- Ask students what you say when saying good bye to a guest. Answer: thank you for coming.
- Ask them what they say to their family before they go to sleep: good night or Shaba Bakhair.
- Select different topics , for example: food, seasons, games, cartoons, school subjects colours, etc.
- Introduce the activity, e.g. today we will talk about the foods that we like.
- Ask students to name some foods they like.
- If one child says, I like biryani, ask the others if they like it too.
- Help them to give different answers such as:
- ‘I don`t like it’, or
- ‘ I like it a little’, or
- ‘yes, I really like it’, or
- ‘I like it but I like chicken karahi more’.
- Repeat it with a different topic every week.
- Note: encourage students to make individual responses, give them the vocabulary they need as they go along.
- Tell them that when we meet new people we introduce ourselves.
- Discuss with students that we introduce ourselves differently when we meet different people, such as;
- A doctor
- A teacher
- A principal
- A new student
- New neighbor etc.
- Give them a different situation each week and ask them to introduce themselves through a role play, for example:
- If you go to the tailor to pick your mother`s clothes, how will you introduce yourself.
- (Assalam –o- Alikum, I am Tina. I am Mrs. Habit’s daughter’.)
- If there is a new child in your class, how will you introduce yourself?
- (Hello, my name is Nadia. What is your name?
- Note: if you give situations to the students that are close to their lives, they will be interested to learn and will be able to use what they learn in real life.
- Give the students sentences to complete:
- ‘I live with my…………’ (Parents, mother and father, grandparents etc.)
- Each child should answer it. Other sentence for students to complete could be ‘I have……brothers and …….sisters’ (the number of brothers and sisters they have).
Sum up / Conclusion
- Recap the concepts learnt.
- Divide the class into pairs and ask them to introduce themselves and their families to each other.
- Give each pair five minutes to prepare.
- Ask each pair to come up and introduce themselves to each other in front of the class.
- Ask the students to introduce themselves to new friends/ people in the locality.