Preposition

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Illustrate use of prepositions of position, time, movement and direction.

Information for Teacher

·     Prepositions are words or group of words that illustrate the relationship among noun or pronoun and new word in the sentence.
·         Preposition tells the position of a noun.
For example: (on, in, out, behind, under)
1.       The book is on the table.
2.       The book is in the bag.
3.       The book is behind the bag.
4.       The book is under the table.
·         Prepositions show the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words within a sentence.

Concept Map

Material / Resources

Charts, marker, board, flashcards, textbook

Worm up activity

·         Recall the concepts of prepositions through brainstorming.
·         Place the duster or a pencil somewhere in the classroom where every student can see it.
·         Place the duster on the table and ask the following question and write their responses on the board.
Q: Where is the duster?
        (Expected response: The duster is on the table)
·         Place the duster under the table and ask the following question.
Q: Where is the duster?
       (The duster is the under the table)
·         Place the duster beside the table and ask the following question.
Q: Where is the duster?
 (The duster is besides the table)
Development

Activity 1

·         Make the following charts on the board.
·         Ask the students at random to provide examples for each preposition. They must then use any two prepositions in their sentences. (The answers are highlighted in the column of examples)

Activity

Preposition of Time
Preposition
            Usage
           Example
On
Days of the week
On Monday
In
Month / season
Time of day
year
In august / in winter
In the morning
In 2016
at
For night
For weekend
A certain point of time
(When?)
At night
At the weekend
At 7 o’ clock

Activity 2

Preposition _ Place Position
Preposition
Usage
Example
In
Room, building
Street, town
Country, car,
taxi
In kitchen
In Pakistan
In the car
In a taxi
At
Meaning next to, by on
Object
For table
For events
Place where you
Are to do
Something typical
(watch a film, study work)
At the door
At the station
At the table
At a concert
At the party
At the cinema
At school
At work
On
Attached
Being on surface
For a floor in a house
The picture
On the wall
On the table
On the first floor
For example:
1.       I live in Pakistan.
2.       Somebody is at the door.
3.       Glass is on the table.
·         use the above mentioned prepositions of position in a short paragraph to describe an imaginary house and its decorations

Activity 3

Preposition of Movement
Preposition
Usage
Example
To
Movement to a building
Movement to a place
Or country
For bed
Go to the cinema
Go to Lahore/Multan
Go to bed
Into
Enter a room/
A building
Go into the kitchen/
The house
·         Ask students to write a short paragraph about getting on a bus, train or airplane.
·         First you go to the ticket counter, and then your luggage is checked. Finally, you get into the waiting lounge before getting into the plane.

Activity 4

Preposition of Direction
Preposition
Usage
Example
From
Coming
Room, street, town
Country, etc.
From the room,
From Lahore,
From school
To
Going
Room,
Street, town, country, etc.
To the room,
To Lahore,
To school
·         Ask students to write a short paragraph about a bee flying in the room and how it bothered them.
(It came in from the window, flew to my plate, then it flew to my little sister who ran out of the room screaming!)
Sum up / Conclusion
·         Conclude the lesson by again repeating the concept of preposition for the class.
Assessment
·         Assess students’ performance on the last three activities:
·         Ask to the students the following question with reference to the chart which was displayed at wall.
Q1: Where is the ball in first box?
       (Expected response: The ball is in the box)
 Q2: Where is the ball in the second box?
      (Expected response: The ball is on the box)
 Q3: Where is the in the box?
       (Expected response: The ball is under the box)
 Q4: Where is the ball in the box?
       (Expected response: The ball is next to the box)
Follow up
·         Ask the students to find out at least five prepositions from any selected paragraph from their textbook and use them in their own sentences.

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