Prepositional phases

Lesson Plan of Prepositional phases

English Grade VIII

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Use some prepositional phrases.

Information for Teacher

·         Preposition show relationship among words in a sentence.
·         Prepositional phrases are a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun, which is called the object of preposition. It tells where or when an action takes place.
Prepositional phases
For example: the man near the window is a singer.
·         Notice that the preposition a phrase contains no verbs.
·         Generally, they contain an adjective, a noun or pronoun and they can also contain a gerund.
·         The noun or pronoun is the object of the preposition e.g. in the air, on the bus, against the wall, through the pipe.
·         The noun or pronoun at the end prepositional phrase is called the object of the preposition.
·         A prepositional phrase will begin with a preposition and end with a noun, pronoun, gerund or clause, the “object” of the preposition. it basically act as an adjective or as an adverb in a sentence.
·         Common patterns for a prepositional phrase:
        (Preposition + noun, pronoun, gerund or clause)

Concept Map

Material / Resources

Charts, flash cards, marker/chalk, board, Duster

Worm up activity

·         Brainstorming about the prepositions.
·         Now draw the concept map on the board and explain it to the students.


Activity 1

·         Recap the difference between a phrase and a sentence.
·         Write the following sentence on the board and ask the students to pick out the prepositional phrases from them.
1.       The child saw a fairy in his dream.
2.       The students were in their bright uniforms.
3.       He wrote the sentence on the board.
4.       In the morning we strolled along the mall.
5.       Bill picks berries in the evening.
Answer key:
1.       In his dream.
2.       In their bright uniforms.
3.       On the board.
4.       In the morning.
5.       In the evening.

Activity 2

·         Ask the students to find the meanings of the following phrases from the dictionary and then use any five of them in their sentences.
1. on the wall, against the wall, above the wall, along the wall
2. in the book, about the book, by the book, on the book
Answer key:
1.       The cat was running on the wall.
2.       The was running along the wall
3.       Please! Pick the pen which was put on the book.
4.       This is interesting story is about the book.
5.       There are how many chapters in the book.

Sum up / Conclusion

·         Conclude the lesson by summing up the concept of prepositional phrases.
·         Ask students to construct sentences changing the preposition, while keeping the subject and object same.
·         Discuss how the meaning changed.
o   The car was going under the bridge.
o   The car was going near the bridge.
o   The car was going over the bridge.


·         Ask the following questions from the class:
     Q1. What is phrase?
            (Expected response: A phrase is a small group of words that adds meaning to a sentence)
     Q2. How is it different from a sentence?
            (Expected response: A phrase is a short or long group of words that does not convey a complete thought. A sentence is also a group of words, but it conveys a complete thought)
     Q3. What is a prepositional phrase?
            (Expected response: preposition is a word or phrase that describe when and where)

Follow up

·         Ask the students to find out the meanings of the following prepositional phrases from the dictionary:
A.      out of the box
B.      in for it
C.      on the run
D.      out of hand
Answer key:
A.      To do something differently.
B.      To be in favor of something
C.      To escape
D.      Hard to control


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