Problems in Consonants

Lesson Plan of Problems in Consonants

                   English Grade 3

      Students’ Learning Outcomes

Pronounce in minimal pairs, common problems in consonants for speakers of English.

  Information for Teachers

·         There are five vowels in English language, they are: a, e, I, o, and u. Rest of the English letters are consonants.
·         Minimal pairs: Minimal pairs of words that differ only in one sound in a word and have totally different meaning.
·         Use of the minimal pairs helps the students recognize the minor difference between English muted (silent) vowel sounds/ consonant sound that can greatly help not only in pronunciation skills, but also comprehension.
·         Problems in Consonants for Pakistani speaker of English: students have difficulty in distinguishing between two similar sounds like I and r, p and b, s and z and their meanings.
·         Practicing minimal pairs can help the students understand the minute differences in pronunciation between one word and other.
·         Minimal pairs are for vowels and consonant both. In this lesson, focus is only on consonant minimal pairs.
·         Revise what is taught in the earlier lesson of minimal pairs.
·         While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult the textbook where it is required.

                                        Material / Resources

                      Board, chalk/ marker, worksheet, charts, textbook etc.


   Activity 1

Practice the worksheet 1 of minimal pairs with the students, with correct pronunciation.


Divide the class in pairs. Ask them to practice pronouncing minimal pairs with their pears.

  Activity 2

·         Draw two columns on the board. Write ‘A’ on the top of the first and ‘B’ on the top of second column.


·         Write some problem consonants in minimal pairs, e.g.





·         Pronounce a word aloud and ask the students which column the word belongs to.

                                               Sum Up / Conclusion

·         Tell the students that they have learnt to pronounce minimal pairs.


·          Ask them to give you examples.


·        Assess the students through their responses in the class during the lesson by checking their pronunciation and loud / clear voice.

                                             Follow Up

·         Ask the students to write down  minimal pairs for the following words in their note books:



            Bar                                                  ship                                                           cold


           Pin                                                   door

            Worksheet of minimal pairs for Activity





























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