Lesson Plan of Problems in Consonants
English Grade 3
Students’ Learning Outcomes
Information for Teachers
· There are five vowels in English language, they are: a, e, I, o, and u. Rest of the English letters are consonants.
· Minimal pairs: Minimal pairs of words that differ only in one sound in a word and have totally different meaning.
· Use of the minimal pairs helps the students recognize the minor difference between English muted (silent) vowel sounds/ consonant sound that can greatly help not only in pronunciation skills, but also comprehension.
· Problems in Consonants for Pakistani speaker of English: students have difficulty in distinguishing between two similar sounds like I and r, p and b, s and z and their meanings.
· Practicing minimal pairs can help the students understand the minute differences in pronunciation between one word and other.
· Minimal pairs are for vowels and consonant both. In this lesson, focus is only on consonant minimal pairs.
· Revise what is taught in the earlier lesson of minimal pairs.
· While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult the textbook where it is required.
Material / Resources
Board, chalk/ marker, worksheet, charts, textbook etc.
Practice the worksheet 1 of minimal pairs with the students, with correct pronunciation.
Divide the class in pairs. Ask them to practice pronouncing minimal pairs with their pears.
· Draw two columns on the board. Write ‘A’ on the top of the first and ‘B’ on the top of second column.
· Write some problem consonants in minimal pairs, e.g.
· Pronounce a word aloud and ask the students which column the word belongs to.
Sum Up / Conclusion
· Tell the students that they have learnt to pronounce minimal pairs.
· Ask them to give you examples.
· Assess the students through their responses in the class during the lesson by checking their pronunciation and loud / clear voice.
· Ask the students to write down minimal pairs for the following words in their note books:
Bar ship cold
Worksheet of minimal pairs for Activity