Lesson Plan of Pronoun Gender Agreement
English Grade IV
Students’ Learning Out coming
· Recognize that pronouns agree with their nouns in gender.
Information for Teachers
· Pronoun a word that takes the place of a noun.
· Gender: Nouns are either masculine or feminine.
· A pronoun must agree with its noun in number and gender.
· The masculine gender pronouns he, his, and him are used for males.
(Example: The man is driving his new car (man-masculine noun, his masculine pronoun). Fahd doesn’t like Adnan. Fahd doesn’t like him. (Adnan masculine noun (object), him masculine pronoun (object)
· The feminine gender pronouns she and she used for females.
(Examples: The old woman is walking with her granddaughter (woman- feminine noun, her feminine pronoun).
· The neuter pronoun it and its are used for non-living things, or male and female animals.
(Examples: The cat is playing with its kittens (cat-neuter gender noun and its neuter gender pronoun). Apple is a delicious fruit. It is good for health (apple-neuter gender noun, it neuter gender pronoun)
· Tell students if a noun is masculine its pronoun must always be masculine. If a noun is feminine, its pronoun must always be feminine. If a noun is neuter, the pronoun “it” is used.
Material / Resources
Worm up activity
· Start the lesson by asking students: What are pronouns? What are masculine? What are neuter nouns? Are he, his, him masculine pronouns or feminine pronouns? Are she and her masculine pronouns or feminine pronouns? Which pronoun is used for neuter gender? Etc.
· Encourage students if they give correct answers. If students give incorrect answer to them. Ask them if they have understood.
· Make three columns on the board. Write ‘masculine pronouns’ on top first column. Write ‘feminine pronouns’ on top of second column. Write ‘neuter pronouns’ on top of the third column. Write the relevant pronouns under each heading.
· Remind them that pronouns must agree with their nouns in gender.
· Write a sentence on the board. The sentence should have both a noun and a pronoun in it (to teach the concept of nouns-pronouns agreement).
· Ask the students to recognize the noun in the sentence (underline the noun as students say it).
· Ask them: What is the gender of this noun? Tell them to recognize the pronoun (underline the pronoun as students say it). Ask the students to look at the three columns and tell whether the pronoun agrees with its noun (pronoun agrees with its noun in this example)
· Repeat the exercise with another example (pronoun doesn’t agree with its noun in this example). Ask the students to give the correct pronoun by looking at the gender of the noun.
(Example: Father is working in the office. (Correct answer: his)
Draw the following table on the board and ask the students to copy it in their notebooks:
Masculine (e.g. Ali, father, brother, batsman)
He, his and him
Feminine (e.g. Alina, sister, aunt)
She and her
Neuter noun (e.g. table, cat, chair, lion, lioness)
It and its
· Write the sentences on the board.
· Explain to the students that they have to recognize if the pronoun in each sentence agrees with its noun or not. If the pronoun agrees, students write ‘correct’ in front of the students. If the pronoun doesn’t agree, students write ‘incorrect’ in front of the sentence.
· Do one sentence on the board for students’ understanding and ask them to do the sentences in their notebooks.
· Move around to monitor students; work and provide help.
· When students finish their work tell them they are going to do another activity on the board.
· Write sentences on the board.
· Give clear instructions to the students.
· Call one student to do one sentence. If the student gives correct answer, ask the whole class to clap. If the student gives incorrect answer, help him/her recall the rule. If the student is able to give correct answer in second attempt, ask the whole class to clap.
· Politely ask the student, who could not give correct answer, f he/she understands now. Give him/her another sentence to do.
Sum up / Conclusion
· Quickly review the lesson. Ask the students about gender of some pronouns.
· Quickly review the lesson by asking the following questions:
(“Which pronoun is used with the masculine nouns?” The students might answer: he and him. Ask, “Which pronoun is used with the feminine pronouns?” the student might answer: she and her, now ask “which pronoun is used with the neuter nouns?” the student might answer: it and its.
· Check students’ ability to recall masculine, feminine and neuter in the worm up activity.
· Assess how the students will recognize that pronouns agree in gender through the correct answers given in the activity 1 and 2.
· Assess how students will recognize pronouns gender agreement in the follow up activities.
· Assess students’ understanding of pronouns gender agreement by giving them a short oral or written test.
· Read a story with the students (you may bring a story book, or read a story from the textbook) while reading, ask students to recognize gender pronouns and their nouns.
Sample sentences – Activity 1
Look at the gender of each noun in the sentences. Circle the correct pronoun in each sentence.
1. The boy is eating his/her dinner.
2. Hira cleaned his/her room.
3. My grandmother is very old. He/she walks with a stick.
4. Faiza really likes her/his school.
5. Dr. Ahmad is looking for her/his thermometer.
6. I have a pet dog. It/he is very cute.
7. Mother is baking a cake for his/her children.
8. That is my brother. He/she is a pilot.
9. Bear is a lazy animal. She/it sleeps the whole winter.
10. Umar is sharing its/his lunch with Haroon.