Students’ Learning Outcomes
· Illustrate use of pronouns learnt earlier.
· Use the personal pronouns myself, yourself, himself, herself, our self, themselves and itself.
Information for Teachers
· A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun in a sentence.
· A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. Examples: he, she, it, they, someone, who. Pronouns can do all of the things that nouns can do. They can be subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, object of the prepositions, and more.
· Pronouns are words that take the place of common and proper nouns.
· Pronouns are used in English to avoid repeating information that is already clear. In general it makes the sentence less confusing because the same information is not being repeated.
· A reflexive pronoun is usually used when the object of a sentence is the same as the subject. The reflexive pronoun can also be used to give more emphasis to the subject or object.
o I hurt myself.
o He shot himself.
o She cut the hair herself.
o She looked at herself in the mirror.
· Each personal pronoun (such as me, you, him, and her) has its own reflexive form.
o A reflexive pronoun is a kind of pronoun that is led by the adverb, adjective, pronoun, or noun to which it denotes, so long as that antecedent is located within the similar clause. Reflexive pronouns end in “-self” (singular) or “-selves” (plural).
o A relative pronoun is one which is used to denote to nouns stated previously, whether they are people, places, things, animals, or ideas. Relative pronouns can be used to joint two sentences
o A demonstrative pronoun is a pronoun that is used to point to something definite within a sentence. These pronouns can indicate items in space or time, and they can be either singular or plural.
o Possessive pronouns are those designating possession. They may also be used as substitutes for noun phrases, and they are typically found at the end of a sentence or clause. There are only a few possessive pronouns in the English language, and there are only two specific rules for using them correctly. Keep these rules in mind when using possessive pronouns and you’ll discover that writing properly is easier. Express yourself in better ways.
o A personal pronoun is a pronoun that is associated primarily with a particular person, in the grammatical sense.
o When discussing “person” in terms of the grammatical, the following rules apply:
v First person, as in “I”
v Second person, as in “you”
v Third person, as in “It, he, she”
· There are eight personal and reflexive pronouns:
? you (singular)
? you (plural)
In these sentences the subjects and objects are not the same persons
In these sentences the subjects and objects are the same person (reflexive Pronouns)
I saw him. (I saw someone else)
I saw myself in the mirror. (I saw my own self in the mirror)
Ali sent him a copy. (Ali sent someone else a copy)
Ali sent himself a copy. (Ali sent his own self a copy)
Wahid sent her a copy. (Wahid sent someone else a copy)
Mena sent herself a copy. (Mena sent her own self a copy)
My dog hurt the cat.
My dog hurt itself. (my dog hurt its own self)
We blame you. (We blame someone else)
We blame ourselves. (we blame our own selves)
They can’t look after the babies.
They can’t look after themselves. (they can’t look after their own selves)
· Time allocation is estimated and can change as per need of the activity.
· Keep reinforcing the reflexive pronouns whenever they come in the textbook.
· While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult textbook at all steps where and when required.
Material / Resources
Chalk/marker, board, textbook
Worm up activity
· Start the lesson by telling the class that all of them will play a short game of guessing an object or a person. Explain to the students that one student will have to guess the object or the person.
· Choose one volunteer student and send him/her out of the classroom. Tell him/her to go and sit in the next classroom until you call him/her back.
· Choose an object or person to be guessed along the rest of the students. Call back the student who was sent out.
· The whole class tells the student the gender of the person or object to be guessed (masculine, feminine, neuter, common). The class also tells the student whether the object or person to be guessed is singular or plural.
· The class gives hints to the student, using appropriate pronouns, until the student guess the answer. For example, if the person to be guessed is ‘a male hairdresser’, the class may say things like: He uses scissors. He needs training. He makes different styles.
· Provide students with the related vocabulary while they are giving hints.
· After the student has guessed the object or the person, ask the whole class to clap for him/her.
· Write the pronouns used by students on the board and ask them what are these words called? Also ask the students why these words are used. Write the pronouns learnt earlier on the board.
· Tell the class that today they will learn about another type of pronoun called Reflexive Pronoun. Write the topic ‘Reflexive Pronouns’ on the board.
· Write all the eight reflexive pronouns on the board.
· Ask the students to find as many reflexive pronouns in their textbooks as they can in two minutes. Give hint by telling them some page numbers where they could find these pronouns.
· Explain to the students that a reflexive pronoun is usually used when the object of a sentence is the same as the subject. The reflexive pronoun can also be used to give more emphasis to the subject or object.
· Help students understand through the examples they found in their textbooks.
· Write the sentences and the pronouns on the board.
o Look at the underlined noun in each sentence. Choose the correct reflexive pronoun and write in the blanks.
Myself yourself himself/herself
Itself Ourselves Yourselves
1. Ahmad made this sandwich _______________.
2. Mahwah did the homework _______________.
3. I wrote this poem _______________________.
4. She cut __________ with the knife while she was cooking.
5. They collected all the tickets _______________.
6. The elephant can defend __________________.
7. Sara, did you write this story _______________.
8. We all enjoyed ___________ very much on the picnic.
9. Zane and Adnan, you should look after _______.
10. Did they behave _________________________?
1. Himself, 2. Herself, 3. Myself, 4. Herself, 5. Themselves, 6. Itself, 7. Yourself, 8. Ourselves, 9. Yourselves, 10. Themselves.
· Tell the students to write only the sentences in their notebooks.
· Explain the students that they have to choose and write in the blanks the correct reflexives pronoun. Tell them to choose pronouns from the list written on the board.
· Provide help to the students where required.
· You can give more sentences if students finish the work before time.
Sum up / Conclusion
· Give students a quick recap by reinforcing the definitions of reflexive pronouns.
· Check students’ ability to recall the pronouns learnt earlier in the worm up activity by asking them about pronouns.
· Assess students’ ability to use reflexive pronouns through their performance in the activity 1.
· Check the work given as homework to judge students’ ability to use reflexive pronouns correctly.
· Assess students’ understanding of pronouns by giving them a short test after all the pronoun lessons are taught.
· Write 5 reflexive pronouns on the board. Tell students to use the pronouns in their own sentences.