Punctuation Rules and Fluency

Lesson Plan of Punctuation Rules and Fluency

English Grade V

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Apply punctuation rules to assist accuracy and fluency in reading.

Information for Teachers

·         Punctuation marks are symbols that are used to aid the clarity and comprehension of written language. Some common punctuation marks are the period, comma, question mark, exclamation point, apostrophe, quotation mark and hyphen.
·         A capital letter is used at the beginning of a sentence or for names of people or places.
·         A full stop (.)Is used to show that the sentence has come to an end. A long pause is given when reading a sentence that finishes with a full stop.
·         A comma is used to show a pause in the sentences, or when naming a list of items. Take a short pause or little breath when reading a sentence with a comma.
·         A question mark? Is used at the end of a sentence when a question is asked.
·         An exclamation mark is used to show strong feelings.
·         Inverted commas show that the enclosed words were spoken by someone.
·         Apostrophe ‘It is used to indicate ‘the omission of a sound or syllable when speaking’.
·         Hyphen: The hyphen (-) is used to join words together,a short pause between two syllables in speaking and, more broadly, any small connecting link.
·         Colon: the colon as a symbol (:) the main functions of the colon is to separate two clauses, where the second clause explains or follows from the first.
·         The semicolon (;) is used to connect independent clauses. It shows a closer relationship between the clauses than a period would show.
·         Parentheses: ( ) Parentheses are curved lines used to separate explanations or qualifying statements within a sentence (each one of the curved lines is called a parenthesis). The part in the parentheses is called a parenthetical remark.
·         Dash: —A dash is used to separate parts of a sentence.
·         The students improve reading and understanding when stopping (pausing) at full stops, commas.
·         Exclamation marks and question marks help to read and speak with correct expressions and intonation patterns.
·         Intonation is the rise and fall in speech. Speech can be made effective by using variety in speech.
·         Fluency in reading comes with the practice. If punctuation is right, fluency will start to develop automatically.

Material / Resources

Chalk/marker, board, textbook, pencils, a chart of a short passage with dialogues and without punctuation marks taken from the book

Worm up activity

·         Ask the students what they know about punctuation marks.
·         Call students one by one to write the names of punctuation marks on the board and draw their symbols.
·         Ask the function of each punctuation mark.


 Activity 1

·         Before coming to the class you must a select a short passage with dialogues. Passage must have commas, full stop, inverted commas, question marks and exclamation marks.
·         Write that passage without any punctuation marks on the board.
·         Call students individually to the board and ask them to insert punctuation marks, with colored chalks.
·         Whole class claps for every correct entry on the chart.
·         Ask another student to do the correction in case of any mistake.
·         In pairs, students compare and check the corrected passage with the one in the book.
·         Practice reading the same passage from their text book following proper punctuation rules, pronunciation of words and fluency.

Activity 2

·         Choose a dialogue from the students textbook.
·         Ask the students to work in groups (depending on the characters in the dialogue) to act out the dialogue in front of the class.
·         The students can keep their books with them to read out the dialogues.

Sum up / Conclusion

·         Speak a sentence with a certain intonation and ask students which punctuation mark will be used in it. For example, read a question to them.


·         Take any short paragraph from the students’ textbook.
·         Write it on the board without adding any punctuation marks.
·         Ask the students to copy the paragraph in their notebooks and add punctuation marks to it.
·         Use the conclusion activity to assess students’ progress

Follow up

·         Students must practice reading a passage from their textbook with proper punctuation and fluency in speech.
·         Give students many opportunities to read aloud and notice punctuation in texts.
·         Ask students to read the slides that come on news channels. it would help them learn to read quickly with intonation and would give them practice of connected speech.

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