Lesson Plan of Punctuation Rules for Fluency in English
Students` Learning Outcomes
- Apply punctuation rules to assist accuracy and fluency in reading.
Information for Teachers
- A capital letter is used at the beginning of a sentence or for names of people or places.
- A full stop (.) is used to show that the sentence has come to an end. A long pause is given when reading a sentence that finishes with a full stop.
- A comma (,) is used to show a pause in the sentences, or when naming a list of items. Take a short pause or little breath when reading a sentence with a comma.
- A question mark (?) is used at the end of a sentence when a question is asked.
- An exclamation mark (!) is used to show strong feelings.
- Inverted commas (“ “)
- Show that the enclosed words were spoken by someone.
- Colon marks (:) Ali plays four sports: volleyball, soccer’s, and tennis.
- At sign (@) to show the email address as, [email protected]
- Slash (/);
- Underline (__)
- The students improve reading and understanding when he/she stops (pauses) at full stops, commas.
- Exclamation mark (!) and question marks (?) help to read and speak with correct expressions and intonation patterns.
- Intonation is the rise and fall in voice. Speech can be made effective by using variety in information.
- Fluency in reading comes with practice. If pronunciation is right, fluency will start to develop automatically.
Writing board, chalk/marker, duster, textbook, pencils, a chart of a short passage with dialogues and without punctuation marks taken from the book
- Ask the students what they know about punctuation marks.
- Call students one by one to write the names of punctuation marks on the writing board and draw their symbols.
- Ask the function of each punctuation mark.
- Before coming to the class you must select a short passage with dialogues. Passage must have commas, full stops, inverted commas, question marks and exclamation marks.
- Write that passage without any punctuation marks on the writing board.
- Call students individually to the writing board and ask them to insert punctuation on marks, with colored chalks.
- Ask students to clap for every correct entry on the chart.
- Ask another student to do the correction in case of any mistake.
- In pairs, students compare and check the corrected passage with the one in the book.
- Practice reading the same passage from their textbook following proper punctuation rules.
- Choose a dialogue from the students` textbook.
- Ask the students to work in groups (depending on the characters in the dialogue) to act out the dialogue in front of the class.
- The students can keep their books with them to read out the dialogues.
- Modify your speech with respect to punctuation marks.
- Speak a sentence with a certain intonation and ask students which punctuation mark will be used in it. For example, read a question to them.
- Take any short paragraph from the students` textbook.
- Write it on the writing board without adding any punctuation marks.
- Ask the students to copy the paragraph in their notebooks and add punctuation marks to it.
- Use the conclusion activity to assess students` progress.
- Involve the students in solving the problems related to punctuation given in the exercise of the textbook.
- Students must practice reading a passage from their textbook with proper pronunciation and fluency in speech.
- Give students many opportunities to read aloud and notice punctuation in texts.
- Write any paragraph form the textbook on the writing board, without using punctuation marks. Ask the students to rewrite the given paragraph by using punctuation marks. Then read it aloud according to the punctuation marks.