Question Words

Lesson Plan of Question Words

English Grade IV

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Illustrate use of question words learnt earlier. Identify and use question words when, how many, and how much etc.
·         Nouns and their quantity: use of how many and how much.

Information for Teachers

·         Questions are the tools which help us to get information.
·         Question words are used to ask questions.
Question Words
·         The question word ‘what’ is used to ask for information about something?
(For example: What are the women talking about?)
·         The question word ‘where’ is used to ask for place.
(For example: Where is the nearest gas station?
·         Some verbs and models are also used to make questions: did, does, can, could, may, shall etc.
·         The question word ‘which’ is used to ask about choice.
(For example: Which of these is your kite?
·         The question word ‘who’ is used to ask about what or which person or people.
(For example: Who is knocking at the door? Who is your favorite actor? )
·         The question word ‘whose’ is used to ask about ownership?
(For example: Whose gloves are these?
·         The question word ‘when’ is used to ask about general or specific times.
(For example: When do you like to go out? When does the bus leave?)
·         The question word ‘how much’ is used to ask about quantity of uncountable nouns.
(For example: How many plates are on the table?)
·         A question always ends with a question mark (?).
Question Words
·         While teaching the lesson, consult the textbook at all the steps where it is required.

Material / Resources

Chalk/marker, board, textbook, duster

Worm up activity

·         Start the lesson by writing the question words what, who, where, how, which and whose on the board.
·         Ask students to make sentences (Verbal only) with these words. If someone gives incorrect sentence, ask another student to correct it.
·         You can tell the Urdu word to facilitate students’ understanding (Only if they don’t seem to understand)
·         Reinforce that a question always ends with a question mark (?).  Write an example on the board.


Activity 1

·         Write the sentences on the board. (Use sample worksheet given below).
Choose the correct question word from the box to complete the sentences:
1.       ____is the pen I gave you?                                      (where, when)
2.       ____are you wearing on the wedding tonight? (this, what)
3.       ____are you so upset?                                           (who, why)
4.       ____will gave me a storybook to read?            (whose, who)
5.       ____is the longest river in Pakistan?                 (which, that)
6.       ____crayons are these?                                     (whose, who)
7.       _____would you return from Murree?          (what, when)
Answer key: 1. Where,  2. What,  3. Why,  4. Who,  5. Which,  6. Whose,  7. When
Write “How much” or “How many” to complete the sentences.
1.       _____cars are parked there?
2.       _____rice you need to buy?
3.       _____milk you want in your tea?
4.       _____circus tickets are sold?
5.       _____roses you have in your hand?
6.       _____gas has leaked from the cylinder?
7.       _____students are going on the picnic?
8.       _____juice is left in the bottle?
9.       _____sugar you take in your tea?
10.   _____children you have?
Answer key: 1. How many,  2. How much,  3. How much,  4. How many,  5. How many, 6.  How much,  7.  How many,  8. How much,  9.  How much,  10. How many
·         Ask the students to add the question word in the blank.
·         Give clear instructions to the students as given on the sheet and ask them to do the work in their notebooks.
·         Monitor students’ work by roaming around in the classroom and provide help where needed.

Activity 2

·         Ask the students: What are countable and uncountable nouns?
·         Write an example on the board. (How many oranges are in the basket?)
·         Ask them: ‘Can I count the oranges?’ students must reply ‘yes’.
·         Tell the students that when you want to know about quantity of a countable noun you say “how many”.
·         Write an example on the board. (How much sugar is in the pot?)
·         Ask them: ‘Can I count sugar?’ student must reply ‘no’.
·         Tell the students that when you want to know about quantity of an uncountable noun you say “how much”.
·         Ask for some examples from students about things we can count and which we can’t count.
·         Students should write the rule in the notebooks: ‘How many’ is used for countable nouns and ‘how much’ is used for uncountable nouns.
·         Tell the whole class that they will practice using “How many” and “How much” through a worksheet.
·         Distribute worksheets amongst the students or write on the board (The students copy from the board. You can even make a poster chart of the sentences and paste on the board for students to copy).
·         Give clear instruction to the students and ask them to do the work on their notebooks.
·         Do one sentence on the board for students’ understanding.
·         You must move about to monitor students’ work and provide help.

Sum up / Conclusion

·         Review the lesson by asking the students question: When do we use how much? When do we use how many?


·         Assess students’ ability to use question words learnt earlier through the correct answers given in worm up activity and activity 1 and sum up.
·         Assess students’ ability to identify and use question words “how much” and “how many” through the correct choices made in the activity 2.
·         Assess students’ ability to use question words through the written work produced in the follow up.
·         Arrange an oral and written test once in a month to assess students’ ability to use question words learnt.

Follow up

·         Ask students to do role plays, with one child pretending to be the shopkeeper and the other one the customer. They can have a conversation  like this:
Ø  Customer: How much are the apples for?
Ø  Shopkeeper: How many kilos do you want? They are Rs.  100 per kilo.
Ø  Customer: and also give me some sugar do you want?
Ø  Ask students to make five sentences with ‘how much’ and ‘how many’. They can draw pictures with the sentences.


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