Lesson Plan of Wh-Questions

     English Grade 3

      Students’ Learning Outcomes

·        Respond to, and ask simple Wh questions.

·        Illustrate use of question words learnt earlier. Identify and use question words who, whose, which, where, etc.

                                 Information for Teachers

·        Most questions have a rising/questioning tone.


·        Wh – questions which start with a question – asking word, either a wh – word (what, when, where, which, who, whose, why) or questions with the word how.

·        We use who to ask about people (who are you?)

·        We use whose to ask about possession. (whose umbrella is that?)

·        We use what and which to ask about things.

·        We use what when there are many possible answers: (what is her name?)

·        We use which when there are only a few possible answers: (which pencil is yours, the orange one or the yellow one?

·        While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult the textbook where required.

                                                Material / Resources

                    Chalks, board, chat papers, things in the classroom and textbook.

          Worm up activity:

·         Help the students learn to wh –( who, what, where, where, when, why, whose, which) words.
·         Ask them questions with gesture to help them understand the meaning. Don’t translate.
·         Ask questions according to the real situation in the class.
        For example:
1)      Who is a good bowler/runner/singer?
2)      What is the day / date today?
3)      Where is your English book/pencil/eraser/sharpener?
4)      When will you go home?
5)      Why are you smiling/crying?
·         Brainstorm with the students about the question We ask throughout the day.
·         What do we learn by asking and what would happen if there were no question?


      Activity 2

·         Write all the wh words on the board one by one and ask the students to ask questions using that “wh” word from their class fellows. Help them asking questions correctly with emotion and gestures according to the class/students’ environment, e.g. What is in the picture/drawing?

    Activity 3

·         Hold two things of different sizes (for example: one small yellow paper and one big red paper) in your hand so that All students can see. Ask the students: which paper is big in size ? The students will reply: red paper.
·         Teach the students when to use ‘which’.
·         Hold some color in your hand.
Ask from one student: Which color do you want ?
·         Give the colors to the student and tell him/her to ask another student: Which do you want ?
·         Carry on the activity with a few more students.
·         Go to a student’s desk holding your book. Tell the class: This is my book.
·         Hold the student’s book in your hand and ask the class: Whose book is this ?
·         Repeat the action if the students don’t seem to understand. Use action for students’ understanding.
·         Encourage the students with words like well done! Good! If they give correct answer. If they don’t understand or give wrong answer, tell the class (using action): this is my book.This is Saima’s book.
·         Tell the students when to use ‘whose’.
·         Practice ‘whose’ with students as long as time allow.

                                             Sum Up / Conclusion

·         Make and tell one question with each ‘wh’ word to reinforce the concept.
·         Encourage the students to tell with gestures and questioning tone.
·         Allow the students to ask you a wh question, and oblige them by responding, ( For example, “Where do you live ? or “What do you do on the weekend ?


Ask the students to :

·         Make questions by picking the right “wh”word.
1.       ———————is he ? Who/Whose
2.       ———————house is that ? Who/Whose
3.       ———————are you doing here ? Which/What
4.       ———————animal is bigger,a dog or an elephant ? Which/What
5.       ———————will you come to my home ? When/Where
6.       ——————–is your teacher ?When/Where
7.       ——————–are you ? How/Which
8.       ——————–is coming ?who/where
·         Involve the students in solving the problems given in the exercise at the end of unit/chapter.

                                              Follow Up

·         Give the students the worksheet or write the questions on the board and ask students to copy them in their notebook. (see the worksheet at the end of the lesson plan.
·         Explain to the students what they have to do. Do this exercise in the next class or give as homework.

                                 Worksheet – Wh – Questions


         Under line the correct question word:

1.       What/Where are you going ?
2.       Whose/Who is standing at the door ?
3.       What/Who is your friend ?
4.       Where/Whose toys are these ?
5.       What/Whose are you saying ?

                                                   Answer keys

                  Assessment                                          Follow Up

1.                           1.   Who                                              1. Where
2.                         2.  Whose                                           2. who
3.                         3.  What                                             3. Who
4.                         4. Which                                            4. Whose
5.                         5.When                                              5. What
6.                         6.Where
7.                         7. How
8.                         8. Who

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