Lesson Plan of Relative Pronouns
Students’ Learning Outcomes
· Identify and demonstrate function and use of relative pronouns which, who, and that.
Information for Teacher
· Relative Pronoun: Relative pronoun is a word that connects two statements and refers to a noun/pronoun within the sentence.
· Relative Pronoun: is a word that is used to connect a clause or phrase to a noun or pronoun.
(Zahra is the one who gifted me a scarf)
(It is made of fabric that is very soft)
· Who: subject or object pronoun used for peoplesuch as have you see the man who principle of this college. Such as the horse which Ahmad was riding is very cute.
· Who: is used for living things; which is used for non-living things and animals, that can be used for person and things.
· Which: subject or object pronoun used for animal & things.
· Which: is referring to whole things. Such as he can’t read at all which didn’t surprise me.
· Whose: possession for people, animal and things. Such as have you see the boy whose mother was in class.
· Whom: Object pronoun for the people in non-defining relative clauses (in defining relative clauses we prefer to use who). Such as I was invited by the Chairman whom I met at dinner party.
· That: subject or object pronoun for people, animal and things in defining relative clause. Such as I like the shoes that you wore to the party last day.
· A relative pronoun can be used only in sentences with two clauses.
· Relative pronouns: are words that perform functions as other parts of speech also.
Who, whose, what, whom and which are interrogative pronouns also as they are used to ask questions
1. Who is coming to dinner tonight?
2. Which book are you reading?
3. Who used all my paper?
4. The person that phoned me last night is my teacher.
Material / Resources
Charts, flash cards, marker/chalk, duster, board
Worm up activity
· Write 3 sentences on the board in which relative pronouns have been used. Underline these relative pronouns and ask the class what function they are performing.
I. This is the essay that was awarded the first prize.
II. The boy who lost his book is very worried.
III. The goldfish which I bought is swimming in the bowl.
· Write the responses of the students on the board.
· Join two sentences into one by adding who, which and that; e.g.
I. I saw the boy. The boy won the race.
(I saw the boy who won the race)
II. Sana didn’t receive the letter.
(Sana didn’t receive the letter which I wrote to her)
III. He built a cardboard house. It was not strong.
(He built a cardboard house which was not strong)
IV. She broke the toy. It was very expensive.
(She broke the toy which was very expensive)
V. The girl is from Canada. She is wearing jeans.
(The girl is from Canada who is wearing jeans)
VI. I found the pen. I lost it yesterday.
(I found the pen which I lost yesterday)
· fill in the blanks with suitable relative pronouns given below:
Who, Which, That
1. The man _________ answered the phone was rather rude.
2. He always talks about the things _______ impress the people.
3. Where are the people __________ ordered the taxi?
4. Who has moved the papers ______ I left on my desk?
5. You should complain to the people _________ supplied it.
1. Who, 2.That, 3.Who, 4.Which, 5.which
Sum up / Conclusion
· Conclude the lesson by writing the main points on the board.
· join the following pair of sentences with suitable relative pronouns: Who, Which, That)
1. I love the people. They serve humanity.
(Expected response: I love the people who serve humanity)
2. He is looking for the pen. He lost it yesterday.
(Expected response: He is looking for the pen which he lost yesterday)
3. Where is the main? He wrote this interesting article.
(Expected response: Where is the man who wrote this interesting article?)
4. He answered the questions. The questions were considered quit difficult.
(Expected response: He answered the question that were considered quit difficult)
5. She wanted to explore the forest. The forest was still unexplored.
(Expected response: She wanted to explore the forest that was still unexplored)
Follow u p
· Ask the students to make five sentence using relative pronouns which, who and that.