Replacing Words (Synonymy)

Lesson Plan of Replacing Words

English Grade IV

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Make sentences by replacing given words and phrases in the given sentences.

Information for Teachers

·         Synonymy: is the formal or occurrence in which the word that sound diverse (diverse in intonation) but have the similar or same sense as another word or phrases.
·         To develop cleared of someone or something, and to place a new person or thing in their place
·         replace something with something
·         to prepare somebody’s job subsequently they leave it
·         to placed something hindmost in its correct place or position
·         Succeed. Replace, overtake, displace refer to setting one thing or person in dwelling of another. To replace is to gross the place of, to succeed: Ms. Jones will replace Mr. Smith as president. Overtake denotes that that which is replacing another is an improvement:
·         A synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language, for example shut is a synonym of close.
·         “‘the East’ was a synonym for the Soviet empire”
·             A person or thing so closely associated with a particular quality or idea that the mention of their name calls it to mind.
·         Synonyms are words with similar meanings.
·         Replace a word or phrase with the same word form so as to fit into the sentence.
Ø  E.g. He has lied = He has not spoken the truth.
·         Introduce/ revise simple present tense.
·         Simple present tense shows daily routine activities and usual habits of a person.
·         First form of verb is used to make a sentence, but with third person ‘singular’ ‘s’ and ‘es’ are added to the first form of verb.
·         While teaching the lesson, the teacher should also consult the textbook at all steps where required.

Material / Resources

Chalk/marker, board, colors/crayons, text written on a chart paper

Worm up activity

·         Write the word ‘good’ on the board.
·         Brainstorm the synonyms of good.
·         Ask the students to tell the words close to the meaning of good.
·         Take their responses on the board.
·         Don’t correct them during the activity.
·         Give feedback to the students and cross the odd responses without pointing students’ names.
·         Explain the students that we can replace words with different words having the same meaning.
·         Tell them to select a word which grammatically fits in the sentence.
·         Encourage students to use synonyms to make sentences of those words.
·         Ali is a good boy. Ali is a nice boy.


·         Ask the students:
Ø  What is your favorite thing to do/pastime?
Ø  What is your favorite game/toy/sport?
Ø  Do you play with your brothers and sisters/siblings?
Ø  Do you play with your friends/pals/chums?
·         (Synonyms have been provided in each question)


Activity 1

·         Paste the following story written on the chart in the class.
v  Sara and Ali are siblings. Sara likes to have fun with her dolls. Ali loves his toys cars. Sara and Ali still like to play with each other because it is fun. Ali’s favorite thing to do is to build a fort. First, one needs to get a charpoy, a few bed sheets and pillows, then; he makes walls out of rolled mattresses. Finally, he puts the sheets over the top to make the roof.
·         Ask the students to read the story carefully.
·         Give them at least five minutes to discuss and draw the pictures in groups.
·         Tell the students to underline the changes in the verbs in the story.
·         Explain them in detail about ‘simple present tense’.
·         Tell them that ‘s’ and ‘es’ are added to the first form of verb in case of the third person singular (he, she, and it)
·         Take rounds of the class.
·         Help the students if they need help.
·         Ensure that students’ drawing are according to the story.

Activity 2

·         Let the students finish with the drawing.
·         Draw a box on the board.
·         Write the following words in the box. Dislikes, love, enjoyable, play, brother and sister, together, places, castle, gather, should, construct, covers
·         Ask the students to read aloud the given words.
·         Ask the meanings of the words and give your feedback.
·         Ask the students to rewrite the story by replacing each underline word with a word in the box in pairs or small groups.
·         Monitor and help the students.

Sum up / Conclusion

·         Ask the students:
Ø  What are synonyms? Give examples.
Ø  What is the third person singular? Give examples.
Ø  What does simple present tense describe?


·         Once the students have finished the activity, write the correct options on the board and ask the students to correct their work and mark themselves out of twelve.
·         Take rounds of the class and ask the students about their scores.

Follow up

·         Ask the students to use the above written story as a model for their writing and write a paragraph about their favorite thing to do/game.
·         Ask the students to write a paragraph on their likes and dislikes, give them sentence starters such as:      
Ø  I like mangoes because they taste nice.
Ø  I don’t like rain because it makes me stay indoors.
Ø  I like Uma because she plays with me.
Ø  I don’t like to play with my older cousin Sami because he makes fun of me. 

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