Sentence Construction


 Students’ Learning Outcomes


·         Know that words join together to make sentences.
·         Trace/copy simple sentences leaving spaces between words using correct capitalization, punctuation and spelling.
·         Apply capitalization to the initial letter of the first word of a sentence.

                        Information for Teachers

·         A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete idea and has a subject and a verb.

·         It starts with a capital letter and end on a full stop.



                          Material / Resources

                                              Board, chalk/marker and duster

                                  Worm up activity

·         Act out a simple activity like, “Drink water”.
·         Ask them to tell in words what you just did and their answer may be: ‘you are drinking water’.

·         You may look back on the lesson plan “Action Words” and choose from those action words for this activity e. g. jump, write, stand.

·         Ask one of the students to act something out. For example, jump.
·         Ask other students to tell what he/she is doing? (Answer will be: He / She is jumping).
·         Tell the students that what they said are complete sentences.

     Activity 1

·         Write a few sentences on the board. Ensure the words are in the students’ vocabulary.
·         Read them once with proper stress and intonation, pausing after each sentence, e. g.
                                           This is a cat.
                                           Amina has a bag.
                                           He is a boy.
·         Ask students to repeat each sentence after you.
·         Ask them to read these sentences on their own in the same order in which they are written. Point at any sentence on the board and ask students to read it.
·         Remind the students that words combine to make a sentence.
·         Remove one word from the sentence and ask the students, ‘Does the sentence make sense now
·         Jumble up the sentences e. g. Cat is this a.
·         Now ask the students does it make sense? Refer back to the definition of the sentence.
·         Ask them to open the textbook and identify the pattern of sentences, it begins with a capital letter and ends on a full stop. Each sentence has a verb in it.


   Activity 2

·         Read 3 sentences to the students, stressing on how we stop when we reach the end of one sentence, take a breath and then go on to the next one.
·         The sentence may be:
1.       This is an apple.
2.       I drink milk.
3.       He reads a book.
·         Tell them that we show this stop by putting a little dot, called a full stop.
·         Write sentences with correct capitalization of first letter of the sentence and a full stop at the end for students to see.

  Activity 3

·         Write sentences on the board without capitalizing the first letter of the sentence and a full stop at its end.
The sentence may be:
1.       I play football.
2.       This is a book.
3.       Brush your teeth.
·         Call a few students one by one to the board to capitalize first letter of the sentence and put a full stop at its end.
·         Write some more sentences on the board without capitalizing and full stops.
·         Ask the students to write these in their notebooks, using the capital letter at the beginning and adding the full stop at the end.
                                        Sum up / Conclusion


·         Write some scrambled sentences on the board without capitalization and full stop.
·         Then ask the students to unscramble them. Do it as a whole class activity.
·         Once they have unscrambled these sentences ask them to read them aloud.
1.       alinahadacat
2.       thecatplayedwithaball
              3.       theballgotlost


1.                                               Alina had a cat.
2.                                               The cat played with a ball.
3.                                               The ball got lost.
·         Use the conclusion exercise to assess student’s progress.
·         Teacher should involve the student in doing the exercise related given in the textbook to this chapter.
                                                    Follow up
·         Write short sentences on the board without capitalization and full stop.
·         Ask the students to copy these sentences in their notebooks and rewrite them  using  capitalization and full stop.
The sentence may be:
1.       Open your book
2.       She has a green parrot
3.       Give me a long pencil
4.       This is your black goat.
5.       He is a nice man.




Leave a Comment