Sentence Construction

Lesson Plan of Sentence Construction

English Grade 3rd


Topic:   Sentence Construction

No. of Participant: 30

Time: 30 Minutes

Planning & Preparation:

Learning Outcomes:

·         Know that words join together to make sentences
·         Trace/copy simple sentences leaving spaces between words using correct capitalization, punctuation and spelling
·         Relate capitalization to the preliminary letter of the first word of a sentence

Information for Teacher

·         An alphabet: is a writing system, a list of symbols for writing. The elementary symbols in an alphabet are named letters. In an alphabet, each letter is a symbol for a sound or related sounds.
·         Word: a single distinct meaningful element of speech or writing. A single unit of language that has meaning and can be spoken or written.
·         A sentence: is a group of words that expresses a complete idea and has a subject and a verb
·         It starts with a capital letter and end on a full stop.
Subject + Verb + Object
The dog bit his master

Resources & Room Layout

Board, chalk/marker and duster

Worm up activity

·         Act out a simple activity like, “Drink water”
·         Ask the students to tell I words what you just did and their answer may be:
o   You are drinking water
·         You may look back on the lesson plan “Action Words”  and choose from those action words for this activity e.g. jump, write, stand.
·         Ask one of the students to act something out. Such as jump.
·         Ask other students to tell what he/she is doing?
(Expected answer may be: He/she is jumping)
·         Tell the student that what they said are complete sentences


Activity 1

·         Write a few sentences on the board (ensure the words are in the student’ vocabulary
·         Read them once with proper stress and intonation, pausing after each sentence, such as
o   This is a fat cat.
o   Amana has a dog.
o   He is a boy.
·         Ask students to repeat each sentence after you.
·         Ask them to read these sentences on their own in the same order in which they are written.
·         Point at any sentence on the board and ask students to read it.
·         Remind the students that words combine to make a sentence.
·         Remove one word from the sentence and ask the students, ‘Does the sentence make sense now?’
·         Jumble up the sentences e.g. Cat is this a.
·         Now ask the students does it make sense? (Refer back to the definition of the sentence)
·         Ask them to open the textbook and identify the pattern of sentences, it begins with a capital letter and ends on a full stop.
·         Each sentence has a verb in it.

Activity 2

·         Read 3 sentences to the students, stressing on how we stop when we reach the end of one sentence, take a breath and then go on to the next one.
·         The sentence may be:
                                    I.            This is an apple.
                                  II.            I drink milk.
                                III.            He reads a book.
·         Tell them that we show this stop by putting a little dot, called a full stop.
·         Write sentences with correct capitalization of first letter of the sentence and a full stop at the end for students to see.

Activity 3

·         Write sentences on the board without capitalizing the first letter of the sentence and a full stop at its end.
·         The sentence may be:
                                    I.            I play football.
                                  II.            This is a book.
                                III.            Brush your teeth.
·         Call a few students one by one to the board to capitalize 1st letter of the sentence and put a full stop at its end.
·         Write several more sentences on the board without capitalizing and full stop.
·         Ask the students to write these in their notebooks, using the capital letter at the beginning and adding the full sop at the end.

How I will check for understanding


·         Write short sentences on the board without capitalization and full stop.
·         Ask the students to rewrite them using capitalization and full stop.
·         The sentence may be:
                                I.                    open your book
                              II.                    she has a green parrot
                            III.                    give me a long pencil




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