Summary Writing

Lesson Plan of Summary Writing

English Grade IV

Students’ Learning Outcomes

·         Use summary skills to:
Ø  Mark important points and develop a mind map to summarize a text.

Information for Teachers

·         A brief statement or account of the main points of something.
·         A summary is a record in a reader’s own words that provides the key facts of a piece of writing such as a newspaper item, the chapter of a book, or even a entire book. It is also probable to précis somewhat that you have perceived, such as a lecture, or somewhat that you have seen and heard, such as a movie.
·          A summary is a compressed procedure or form of a story or a passage. It holds only the key realities or points. To be able to write a well-meaning summary, you need to resolve what information is applicable for your summary assignment. To discern the various way of summarizing, we generally distribute them into two forms, namely, Note Summary and Prose Summary.
·        Note Summary:
·         Is citation of mandatory information in brief form? The style is which notes are written is known as shortened style. It may involve error of non-content words, for example, auxiliaries, comparative pronouns or articles. It can also comprise the use of straight standard abbreviations themselves.
·          Prose Summary: is the writing of mandatory information in full sentences and in paragraphs.
·         A summary is a shorter version of the original. Such a overview high points the key points from the much longer subject, such as the text.
·         Summary skills require that the reader reads the entire text to first identify the key points.
·         A mind map is a diagram used to represent, thoughts or extra items connected to and arranged about a central key words or idea. Mind maps are used to generate, structure, and classify ideas, and as an aid in study skills and writing organization.
·         A mind map is a graphical technique to embody thoughts and perceptions. It is a pictorial rational instrument that helps organizing information, helping you to better examine, understand, manufacture, and recollection and produce new ideas. Just as in every great idea, its power lies in its easiness.
·         At this grade, the mind map will be easiest and simplest one because the students are very young. You just need to tell them the introduction of the mind map and ask them to develop it by identifying and linking key ideas.
·         Use simplest of symbols and make it as colorful as possible for the interest of the students.

Material / Resources

Chalks/ markers, board, textbook

Worm up activity

·         Remind them that they used the technique of marking the important or key points in the text to develop the summary of it
·         Tell them that today they are going to make the mind map which is a drawing form of summary in simple words.


Activity 1

·         Select a story from the textbook and draw a mind map of simple text:


The Stone Cutter: once upon a time there lived a stone cutter in a small village. All the day long he worked hard, cutting the hard stones and making the shape which was needed by his customers. His hands were hard and his clothes were dirty.
One day he went out to work on a big stone. It was very hard to work and the sun was very hot. After spending several hours cutting the stone, he sat down in the shade and soon fell asleep.
After sometime, he heard sound of somebody coming. Walking up he saw a long procession of people. There were many soldiers and attendants and in the middle, in a palanquin, carried by strong people, was the king.
“How wonderful it must be to be the great king” thought the stone cutter. “How happy I would be if I were the king instead of a poor stone cutter”. As he said these words, a strange thing happened. The stone cutter found him dressed in silk clothes and shinning jewels. His hands were soft and he was sitting in a comfortable palanquin.
He looked through the curtains and thought, how easy it is to be a king; these people are here to serve me. The procession moved on and the sun grew hot. The stone cutter was now a king.
·         Ask the class to read it carefully and write key words on a different page. They have done enough practice of summary skills, so there will be no problem for them.
·         Ask them to draw their own cartoon, a flower or a tree, etc. in the middle of the page and write all the words they have written on the page at different places near their cartoon.
·         Circle the words.
·         Now draw line as to connect the circled words and the cartoon/flower.
·         Tell them that this is called the mind map which is summarizing the text they have just read.
·         Tell them that they can easily write a summary of a text just by having a view of the mind map.
·         Point out to students that the mind map will help them in remembering facts too, since they now have to remember a few key words that will help them remember the whole story.

Sum up / Conclusion

·         Conclude the lesson by telling the class the importance of mind map. When they were making the mind map of their own, draw a mind map the writing board and at the end of the lesson, show them that mind map and explain it to conclude.


·         Ask the students to shuffle the papers of mind maps with each other and ask them to view the mind maps of others.
·         Ask students to point out if their selection of key points for the mind map is very different from their class fellows.

Follow up

·         Give them another text to summarize and draw a mind map of sample text.

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